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We identified a novel human polyomavirus from a kidney transplant patient under immunosuppressive treatment, by use of a generic PCR. The genome of the virus was completely amplified and sequenced. In phylogenetic analyses, it appeared as the closest relative to the African green monkey-derived lymphotropic polyomavirus (LPV). Further investigation of(More)
Inflammatory monocyte-derived effector cells play an important role in the pathogenesis of numerous inflammatory diseases. However, no treatment option exists that is capable of modulating these cells specifically. We show that infused negatively charged, immune-modifying microparticles (IMPs), derived from polystyrene, microdiamonds, or biodegradable(More)
Adenoviruses (AdV) broadly infect vertebrate hosts including a variety of primates. We identified a novel AdV in the feces of captive gorillas by isolation in cell culture, electron microscopy and PCR. From the supernatants of infected cultures we amplified DNA polymerase (DPOL), preterminal protein (pTP) and hexon gene sequences with generic pan primate(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Extracts from the aerial parts of the South African resurrection plant Myrothamnus flabellifolia Welw. have been used traditionally against infections of the upper respiratory tract and skin diseases. A polyphenol-enriched extract was investigated for potential antiviral effects against herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and adenovirus,(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Aerial parts of Eupatorium perfoliatum have been traditionally used by American natives as a treatment for fever and infections. Also modern phytotherapy in Europe documents the use of hydroalcoholic extracts of this herbal material for the treatment of infections of the upper respiratory tract. AIM OF THE STUDY The aim of(More)
Thirty-four out of 64 faecal samples with adenovirus particles, as seen by electron microscopy, were found to contain adenovirus 40 or 41 by direct isolation and neutralization in Chang's conjunctival cells, mostly within one week. (Ad40 and 41 candidate viruses are serologically related.) 6 other adenovirus species were isolated; 6 samples gave equivocal(More)
To investigate the interaction of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) with the cell surface, we studied the formation of complexes by HSV-1 virion proteins with biotinylated cell membrane components. HSV-1 virion proteins reactive with surface components of HEp-2 and other cells were identified as gC, gB, and gD. Results from competition experiments(More)
The specificity and neutralizing activity of antibodies against the major herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) glycoproteins were tested in serum samples of patients with a history of HSV-1 infection. By preabsorption of sera to preparations of native and denatured HSV-1 proteins, followed by immunoblotting and microneutralization, it was shown that the(More)
A competitive nested PCR-temperature gradient gel electrophoresis protocol (nPCR/TGGE) has been established for the quantification of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) target sequences. The measurement was achieved by co-amplification of a defined copy number of an internal standard (st) and separation of st and wild-type (wt) amplimers by temperature gradient(More)
Purified preparations of herpes simplex virus type 1 Angelotti were digested with the exoglycosidases sialidase, beta-galactosidase, N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase and alpha-mannosidase, and with the endoglycosidases Endo-H and Endo-F. It was found that treatment of virions with Endo-F specifically decreased viral infectivity by a factor of 10. This(More)