Learn More
PURPOSE To develop a method for computing and visualizing pressure differences derived from time-resolved velocity-encoded three-dimensional phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (4D flow MRI) and to compare pressure difference maps of patients with unrepaired and repaired aortic coarctation to young healthy volunteers. METHODS 4D flow MRI data of(More)
To assess spatial and temporal pressure characteristics in patients with repaired aortic coarctation compared to young healthy volunteers using time-resolved velocity-encoded three-dimensional phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (4D flow MRI) and derived 4D pressure difference maps. After in vitro validation against invasive catheterization as gold(More)
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The study was done to determine the clinical feasibility and reproducibility of tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE) with strain rate imaging (SRI) at rest and under physical exercise in healthy young individuals and to report normal values for parameters of regional myocardial function under exercise. METHODS Forty-five young(More)
Ultrafast CT and MR angiography are noninvasive, accurate and robust techniques for preoperative diagnosis and planning of congenital heart disease and vascular abnormalities in pediatric patients. While they seem to be equivalent to conventional catheter angiocardiography for detecting vascular abnormalities, they are more accurate for the diagnosis of(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is an endogenous vasoconstrictive peptide hormone and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) acts as an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase. We hypothesized that both could contribute to pulmonary hypertension in patients with left-to-right shunt after intracardiac repair. PATIENTS AND METHODS We prospectively analyzed(More)
BACKGROUND Evaluation of the severity and the follow-up of aortic insufficiency (AI) are important tasks in paediatric cardiology. Assessment is based on clinical and echocardiographic (ECHO) findings such as the configuration of the valve and the regurgitation fraction (RF). OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to evaluate MRI compared to ECHO for(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our study was to assess the visibility of lumen narrowing of pediatric vascular stents using various CT dose parameters in an in vitro model. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten steel stents of varying designs and sizes commonly used in the treatment of congenital heart disease were implanted in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) tubes and three of(More)
Congenital heart disease (CHD), including complex anomalies of the pulmonary arteries, are now earlier diagnosed and treated. Due to improvements in interventional and surgical therapy, the number of patients with the need for follow-up examinations is increasing. Pre- and postinterventional imaging should be done as gently as possible, avoiding invasive(More)
BACKGROUND After childhood Kawasaki syndrome (KS) the coronary arteries undergo a lifelong dynamic pathological change, and follow-up coronary artery imaging is essential. At present, conventional coronary catheterization (CCC) and angiography is still regarded as the gold standard. Less-invasive methods such as multidetector CT angiography (MDCT-A) and MRI(More)
PURPOSE To assess the value of multidetector CT (MDCT) for evaluation of vascular anomalies (VA) and associated complications in newborns and infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS Seventy-five children (mean age: 9 +/- 6 months, range: 2 weeks to 24 months) with VA were examined using MDCT (4-, 8- or 16-row; collimation 0.5-1.25 mm; scan time 7-30 s), which was(More)