Joachim E Schultz

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HAMP domains connect extracellular sensory with intracellular signaling domains in over 7500 proteins, including histidine kinases, adenylyl cyclases, chemotaxis receptors, and phosphatases. The solution structure of an archaeal HAMP domain shows a homodimeric, four-helical, parallel coiled coil with unusual interhelical packing, related to the canonical(More)
Water-specific aquaporins (AQP), such as the prototypical mammalian AQP1, stringently exclude the passage of solutes, ions, and even protons. Supposedly, this is accomplished by two conserved regions within the pore, a pair of canonical asparagine-proline-alanine (NPA) motifs, the central constriction, and an aromatic/arginine (ar/R) constriction, the outer(More)
Female sex pheromones applied to freshly isolated, living antennae of male Antheraea polyphemus and Bombyx mori led to an increase of cGMP. A 1:1 mixture of 2 pheromone components of Antheraea polyphemus blown for 10 sec in physiological concentrations over their antennal branches raised cGMP levels about 1.34-fold (+/- 0.08 SEM, n = 23) from a basal level(More)
cAMP serves as a second messenger in virtually all organisms. The most wide-spread class of cAMP-generating enzymes are the class III adenylyl cyclases. Most class III adenylyl cyclases are multi-domain proteins. The catalytic domains exclusively work as dimers, catalysis proceeds at the dimer interface, so that both monomers provide catalytic residues to(More)
The gene Rv1625c from Mycobacterium tuberculosis encodes a membrane-anchored adenylyl cyclase corresponding to exactly one-half of a mammalian adenylyl cyclase. An engineered, soluble form of Rv1625c was expressed in Escherichia coli. It formed a homodimeric cyclase with two catalytic centers. Amino acid mutations predicted to affect catalysis resulted in(More)
HAMP domains mediate signal transduction in over 7500 enzyme-coupled receptors represented in all kingdoms of life. The HAMP domain of the putative archaeal receptor Af1503 has a parallel, dimeric, four-helical coiled coil structure, but with unusual core packing, related to canonical packing by concerted axial rotation of the helices. This has led to the(More)
In Paramecium, cAMP formation is stimulated by a potassium conductance, which is an intrinsic property of the adenylyl cyclase. We cloned a full-length cDNA and several gDNA fragments from Paramecium and Tetrahymena coding for adenylyl cyclases with a novel domain composition. A putative N-terminal ion channel domain contains a canonical S4 voltage-sensor(More)
Bacterial transmembrane receptors regulate an intracellular catalytic output in response to extracellular sensory input. To investigate the conformational changes that relay the regulatory signal, we have studied the HAMP domain, a ubiquitous intracellular module connecting input to output domains. HAMP forms a parallel, dimeric, four-helical coiled coil,(More)
The malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum faces drastic osmotic changes during kidney passages and is engaged in the massive biosynthesis of glycerolipids during its development in the blood-stage. We identified a single aquaglyceroporin (PfAQP) in the nearly finished genome of P. falciparum with highest similarity to the Escherichia coli glycerol(More)
Two novel protein serine/threonine phosphatases were cloned from a rat fat cell library with probes generated by a polymerase chain reaction-based cloning approach. One of these cDNAs encoded a protein presumably representing the rat homologue of PPV from Drosophila (75% identity of amino acids). The other novel cDNA encoded a protein phosphatase of 499(More)