Learn More
OBJECTIVE The authors report findings from a study of 5,092 community residents who constituted 90% of the elderly resident population of Cache County, Utah. METHOD The 5,092 participants, who were 65 years old or older, were screened for dementia. Based on the results of this screen, 1,002 participants (329 with dementia and 673 without dementia)(More)
BACKGROUND Previous estimates of the prevalence of geriatric depression have varied. There are few large population-based studies; most of these focused on individuals younger than 80 years. No US studies have been published since the advent of the newer antidepressant agents. METHODS In 1995 through 1996, as part of a large population study, we examined(More)
BACKGROUND Healthy dietary patterns may protect against age-related cognitive decline, but results of studies have been inconsistent. OBJECTIVE We examined associations between Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)- and Mediterranean-style dietary patterns and age-related cognitive change in a prospective, population-based study. DESIGN(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the prevalence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other dementias in relation to age, education, sex, and genotype at APOE. Recent studies suggest age heterogeneity in the risk of AD associated with the APOE genotype and a possible interaction between APOE-epsilon4 and female sex as risk factors. We studied these topics in the 5,677(More)
BACKGROUND Prior reports suggest reduced occurrence of dementia and Alzheimer disease (AD) in statin users, but, to our knowledge, no prospective studies relate statin use and dementia incidence. OBJECTIVE To examine the association of statin use with both prevalence and incidence of dementia and AD. DESIGN Cross-sectional studies of prevalence and(More)
BACKGROUND Recent reports suggest that antihypertensive (AH) medications may reduce the risk of dementing illnesses. OBJECTIVES To examine the relationship of AH medication use with incidence of Alzheimer disease (AD) among the elderly population (aged 65 years and older) of Cache County, Utah, and to examine whether the relationship varies with different(More)
Single-unit recordings from 50 striatal neurons in freely moving rats revealed generally low activity (< 3 spikes/sec) during resting behavior and movement-related excitations in most (n = 36) neurons. While activating behavior, d-amphetamine (1.0 mg/kg, sc) usually excited and inhibited motor- and nonmotor-related neurons, respectively, relative to resting(More)
OBJECTIVE To validate a neuropsychological algorithm for dementia diagnosis. METHODS We developed a neuropsychological algorithm in a sample of 1,023 elderly residents of Cache County, UT. We compared algorithmic and clinical dementia diagnoses both based on DSM-III-R criteria. The algorithm diagnosed dementia when there was impairment in memory and at(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the association between postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and the trajectory of global cognitive change with age. METHODS The Modified Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) was administered to a population sample of 2,073 nondemented, community-dwelling female residents of Cache County, UT, aged 65 and older. Current and(More)
BACKGROUND Reported odds ratios and population attributable fractions (PAF) for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) risk loci (BIN1, ABCA7, CR1, MS4A4E, CD2AP, PICALM, MS4A6A, CD33, and CLU) come from clinically ascertained samples. Little is known about the combined PAF for these LOAD risk alleles and the utility of these combined markers for(More)