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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the cortical and subcortical brain structures in Parkinson's disease (PD) with visual hallucination (VH), and to elucidate the association between the proposed hypothesis of VH in PD and regional brain volume changes. METHODS We used 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and voxel-based morphometry (VBM)(More)
We delineated the effects of magnetic field strength on signal intensities to facilitate the specific findings of multiple system atrophy (MSA). Fifteen patients with probable MSA were imaged by 0.35T fast spin-echo (FSE), 1.5T FSE, and 3.0T FSE using a consistent protocol, testing all field strengths on the same day. Sixty patients with probable(More)
OBJECTIVES To elucidate the phenotypes and pathophysiology of speech and voice disorders in Parkinson's disease (PD) with subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS). METHODS We conducted a cross-sectional study on 76 PD patients treated with bilateral STN-DBS (PD-DBS) and 33 medically treated PD patients (PD-Med). Speech and voice functions,(More)
Our objective was to elucidate the clinical factors affecting functional decline and survival in Japanese amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. We constructed a multicenter prospective ALS cohort that included 451 sporadic ALS patients in the analysis. We longitudinally utilized the revised Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale(More)
IMPORTANCE TAR DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa (TDP-43) plays a major role in the pathogenesis of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Although a pathological continuity between FTLD and ALS has been suggested, the neuropathological changes of the lower motor neuron (LMN) systems have not been assessed in(More)
To investigate the various clinical courses of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), we developed a telephone survey system for determining the activities of daily living (ADL) status of patients with ALS. In this system, every 3 months, clinical research coordinators (CRCs) conducted a telephone survey using the flow charts of the revised(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the emergence of muscle weakness in regions of the body that affect survival, and deterioration in activities of daily living (ADL) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. METHODS We conducted a multicentre-based prospective cohort study of patients with ALS. We enrolled 401 sporadic patients with ALS. Death or the(More)
OBJECTIVE Progressive muscular atrophy (PMA) is a clinical diagnosis characterised by progressive lower motor neuron (LMN) symptoms/signs with sporadic adult onset. It is unclear whether PMA is simply a clinical phenotype of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in which upper motor neuron (UMN) signs are undetectable. To elucidate the clinicopathological(More)
OBJECTIVES We assessed the usefulness of differential diagnosis of parkinsonism by evaluating lesions of the decussation of the superior cerebellar peduncle (SCP) in patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) using a new MRI procedure known as readout segmentation of long variable echo-trains (RESOLVE). METHODS We evaluated 100 cases, consisting(More)
BACKGROUND Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a multisystem disorder with impairment of frontotemporal functions such as cognition and behavior, but the behavioral changes associated with ALS are not well defined. METHODS Twenty-one consecutive patients with sporadic ALS and 21 control subjects participated in the study. The Frontal System Behavior(More)