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BACKGROUND Suicide prevention is a health service priority. Suicide risk may be greatest during psychiatric in-patient admission and following discharge. AIMS To describe the social and clinical characteristics of a comprehensive sample of in-patient and post-discharge cases of suicide. METHOD A national clinical survey based on a 4-year (1996-2000)(More)
BACKGROUND Suicide, in particular among young people, is a major public health problem, although little is known regarding effective interventions for managing and preventing suicide-related behavior. AIMS To review the empirical literature pertaining to suicide postvention, prevention, and early intervention, specifically in school settings. METHOD(More)
BACKGROUND 'Suicide hotspots' include tall structures (for example, bridges and cliffs), railway tracks, and isolated locations (for example, rural car parks) which offer direct means for suicide or seclusion that prevents intervention. METHODS We searched Medline for studies that could inform the following question: 'What interventions are available to(More)
OBJECTIVE Few studies have described rates of schizophrenia in a national sample of homicide perpetrators. This study aimed to describe this group's social and clinical characteristics, mental state features, offense details, and outcome in court. METHOD Analyses used a national clinical survey that collected data on people convicted of homicide in(More)
BACKGROUND Few controlled studies have investigated factors associated with suicide in current in-patients. We aimed to identify psychosocial, behavioural and clinical risk factors, including variations in care, for in-patient suicide. METHOD We conducted a national population-based case-control study of people who died by suicide between 1 April 1999 and(More)
A six-month prospective study examined consistency of condom use for disease prevention among 308 adolescent women who had received a prescription for oral contraceptives at a family planning clinic. Only 16 percent used condoms consistently over a six-month period, yet 30 percent were considered at high risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) because(More)
AIM Suicide attempt, ideation and deliberate self-harm are common among adolescents. Limited evidence exists regarding interventions that can reduce risk; however, research indicates that maintaining contact with at-risk adults following discharge from services via letter or postcard can reduce risk. The aim of the study was to test a postcard intervention(More)
Because inconsistent condom use could put adolescent women at an increased risk for sexually transmitted diseases, it is important to understand when and with whom they use condoms. This study examined partner-specific condom use over time among adolescent women. The data were from a clinic-based, prospective study of 308 adolescent women who had at least(More)
Chlamydiae are widespread bacterial pathogens responsible for a broad range of diseases, including sexually transmitted infections, pneumonia and trachoma. To validate the existence of hitherto hypothetical proteins predicted from recent chlamydial genome sequencing projects and to examine the patterns of expression of key components at the protein level,(More)
OBJECTIVE This study assessed relationships between homelessness, mental disorder, and incarceration. METHODS Using archival databases that included all 12,934 individuals who entered the San Francisco County Jail system during the first six months of 2000, the authors assessed clinical and behavioral characteristics associated with homelessness and(More)