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BACKGROUND Suicide prevention is a health service priority. Suicide risk may be greatest during psychiatric in-patient admission and following discharge. AIMS To describe the social and clinical characteristics of a comprehensive sample of in-patient and post-discharge cases of suicide. METHOD A national clinical survey based on a 4-year (1996-2000)(More)
BACKGROUND Various interventions have been introduced to try to prevent suicides at suicide hotspots, but evidence of their effectiveness needs to be strengthened. METHODS We did a systematic search of Medline, PsycINFO, and Scopus for studies of interventions, delivered in combination with others or in isolation, to prevent suicide at suicide hotspots.(More)
BACKGROUND Suicide, in particular among young people, is a major public health problem, although little is known regarding effective interventions for managing and preventing suicide-related behavior. AIMS To review the empirical literature pertaining to suicide postvention, prevention, and early intervention, specifically in school settings. METHOD(More)
BACKGROUND Few controlled studies have investigated factors associated with suicide in current in-patients. We aimed to identify psychosocial, behavioural and clinical risk factors, including variations in care, for in-patient suicide. METHOD We conducted a national population-based case-control study of people who died by suicide between 1 April 1999 and(More)
OBJECTIVE Few studies have described rates of schizophrenia in a national sample of homicide perpetrators. This study aimed to describe this group's social and clinical characteristics, mental state features, offense details, and outcome in court. METHOD Analyses used a national clinical survey that collected data on people convicted of homicide in(More)
A six-month prospective study examined consistency of condom use for disease prevention among 308 adolescent women who had received a prescription for oral contraceptives at a family planning clinic. Only 16 percent used condoms consistently over a six-month period, yet 30 percent were considered at high risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) because(More)
AIM Suicide attempt, ideation and deliberate self-harm are common among adolescents. Limited evidence exists regarding interventions that can reduce risk; however, research indicates that maintaining contact with at-risk adults following discharge from services via letter or postcard can reduce risk. The aim of the study was to test a postcard intervention(More)
Because inconsistent condom use could put adolescent women at an increased risk for sexually transmitted diseases, it is important to understand when and with whom they use condoms. This study examined partner-specific condom use over time among adolescent women. The data were from a clinic-based, prospective study of 308 adolescent women who had at least(More)
BACKGROUND Individuals with first-episode psychosis demonstrate high rates of suicide attempt (SA). AIMS 1) To examine the prevalence of, and risk factors for, SA in a first-episode psychosis (FEP) cohort over a 7.4 year follow-up period. 2) To investigate differences between single versus multiple suicide attempters. METHODS This study reports baseline(More)
BACKGROUND Suicide prevention is a health service priority but the most effective approaches to prevention may differ between different patient groups. AIMS To describe social and clinical characteristics in cases of suicide from different age and diagnostic groups. METHOD A national clinical survey of a 4-year (1996-2000) sample of cases of suicide in(More)