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The Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) has been developed to measure the degree to which an adult with normal intelligence has autistic traits. In this paper it is evaluated for its potential as a screening questionnaire in clinical practice on one hundred consecutive referrals to a diagnostic clinic for adults suspected of having Asperger Syndrome or high(More)
BACKGROUND Suicide, in particular among young people, is a major public health problem, although little is known regarding effective interventions for managing and preventing suicide-related behavior. AIMS To review the empirical literature pertaining to suicide postvention, prevention, and early intervention, specifically in school settings. METHOD(More)
BACKGROUND Individuals with first-episode psychosis demonstrate high rates of suicide attempt (SA). AIMS 1) To examine the prevalence of, and risk factors for, SA in a first-episode psychosis (FEP) cohort over a 7.4 year follow-up period. 2) To investigate differences between single versus multiple suicide attempters. METHODS This study reports baseline(More)
It is sometimes argued that the implementation of an overall similarity classification is less effortful than the implementation of a single-dimension classification. In the current article, we argue that the evidence securely in support of this view is limited, and report additional evidence in support of the opposite proposition--overall similarity(More)
BACKGROUND Certain sites have gained notoriety as 'hotspots' for suicide by jumping. Structural interventions (e.g. barriers and safety nets) have been installed at some of these sites. Individual studies examining the effectiveness of these interventions have been underpowered. METHOD We conducted a meta-analysis, pooling data from nine studies. (More)
BACKGROUND Various interventions have been introduced to try to prevent suicides at suicide hotspots, but evidence of their effectiveness needs to be strengthened. METHODS We did a systematic search of Medline, PsycINFO, and Scopus for studies of interventions, delivered in combination with others or in isolation, to prevent suicide at suicide hotspots.(More)
Chlamydiae are widespread bacterial pathogens responsible for a broad range of diseases, including sexually transmitted infections, pneumonia and trachoma. To validate the existence of hitherto hypothetical proteins predicted from recent chlamydial genome sequencing projects and to examine the patterns of expression of key components at the protein level,(More)
BACKGROUND Suicide prevention is a health service priority. Suicide risk may be greatest during psychiatric in-patient admission and following discharge. AIMS To describe the social and clinical characteristics of a comprehensive sample of in-patient and post-discharge cases of suicide. METHOD A national clinical survey based on a 4-year (1996-2000)(More)
BACKGROUND Suicide prevention is a health service priority but the most effective approaches to prevention may differ between different patient groups. AIMS To describe social and clinical characteristics in cases of suicide from different age and diagnostic groups. METHOD A national clinical survey of a 4-year (1996-2000) sample of cases of suicide in(More)
BACKGROUND A reduction in suicide among individuals with mental illness is an international public-health priority. Approximately 10% of patients with schizophrenia will die by suicide. OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to describe social and clinical characteristics of people with schizophrenia who completed suicide, including aspects of the clinical(More)