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Cytosolic Ca(2+) oscillations can be due to cycles of release and re-uptake of internally stored Ca(2+). To investigate the nature of these Ca(2+) stores, we expressed the Pmr1 Ca(2+) pump of Caenorhabditis elegans in COS-1 cells and pretreated the cells with thapsigargin to prevent Ca(2+) uptake by the sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase. Pmr1(More)
ATP2C1, encoding the human secretory pathway Ca2+/Mn2+ ATPase (hSPCA1), was recently identified as the defective gene in Hailey-Hailey Disease (HHD), an autosomal dominant skin disorder characterized by persistent blisters and erosions. To investigate the underlying cause of HHD, we have analyzed the changes in expression level and function of hSPCA1 caused(More)
Non-mitochondrial intracellular Ca2+ stores contain both thapsigargin-sensitive sarco(endo)plasmic-reticulum Ca2+-ATPases (SERCA) and thapsigargin-insensitive secretory-pathway Ca2+-ATPases (SPCA1). We now have studied the Ca2+-release properties of the compartments associated with these pumps in intact, i.e. non-permeabilized, cells of different origin(More)
The secretory-pathway Ca2+-ATPases (SPCAs) represent a recently recognized family of phosphorylation-type ATPases that supply the lumen of the Golgi apparatus with Ca2+ and Mn2+ needed for the normal functioning of this structure. Mutations of the human SPCA1 gene (ATP2C1) cause Hailey-Hailey disease, an autosomal dominant skin disorder in which(More)
The various splice variants of the three SERCA- and the two SPCA-pump genes in higher vertebrates encode P-type ATPases of the P(2A) group found respectively in the membranes of the endoplasmic reticulum and the secretory pathway. Of these, SERCA2b and SPCA1a represent the housekeeping isoforms. The SERCA2b form is characterized by a luminal carboxy(More)
Human secretory pathway Ca2+/Mn2+-ATPase (SPCA) 2 encoded by ATP2C2 is only expressed in a limited number of tissues, unlike the ubiquitously expressed SPCA1 pump (encoded by ATP2C1, the gene defective in Hailey-Hailey disease). It has not been determined whether there are significant functional differences between SPCA1 and SPCA2 pump enzymes. Therefore,(More)
Accumulation of Ca(2+) into the Golgi apparatus is mediated by sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPases (SERCAs) and by secretory pathway Ca(2+)-ATPases (SPCAs). Mammals and birds express in addition to the housekeeping SPCA1 (human gene name ATP2C1, cytogenetic position 3q22.1) a homologous SPCA2 isoform (human gene name ATP2C2, cytogenetic position(More)
Neural cell differentiation involves a complex regulatory signal transduction network in which Ca(2+) ions and the secretory pathway play pivotal roles. The secretory pathway Ca(2+)-ATPase isoform 1 (SPCA1) is found in the Golgi apparatus where it is actively involved in the transport of Ca(2+) or Mn(2+) from the cytosol to the Golgi lumen. Its expression(More)
Extracellular agonists mobilize Ca2+ from SERCA-comprising intracellular Ca2+ stores located in both the Golgi apparatus and the endoplasmic reticulum. Ca2+ release from both these compartments was studied in HeLa cells stably expressing the luminescent Ca2+ indicator aequorin specifically targeted to these compartments. Changes in lumenal [Ca2+] as(More)
In recent years, it has been well established that the Ca(2+) concentration in the lumen of intracellular organelles is a key determinant of cell function. Despite the fact that essential functions of the Golgi apparatus depend on the Ca(2+) and Mn(2+) concentration in its lumen, little is known on the transport system responsible for ion accumulation. The(More)