Learn More
Few health care facilities are adequately prepared to manage and care for HIV/AIDS patients in India. Nurses play a critical role in patient care but are often ill-equipped to deal with their own fears of occupational risk and handle the clinical aspects of HIV/AIDS care, leading to stigma and discrimination toward HIV-positive patients. The authors examine(More)
With the growing role of intravenous drug use in the transmission of HIV infection, HIV-infected patients frequently present with comorbid opioid dependence. Yet, few empirical evaluations of the efficacy and consequences of opioid detoxification medications in medically ill HIV-infected patients have been reported. In a randomized, double-blind clinical(More)
Demographic, epidemiological and socio-economic trends in developing countries are creating new mortality and morbidity patterns for both women and men. Women's health needs will increasingly include problems beyond reproduction, and health interventions must take into consideration the important characteristics of women's lives that affect their ability to(More)
A simple, rapid, and sensitive method for the direct detection of a broad spectrum of drugs of abuse in hemolyzed whole blood by the enzyme multiplied immunoassay technique (EMIT) is described. A methanolic extract of 1 mL of whole blood is directly analyzed with EMIT urine assays. The proposed method is very sensitive and can detect drug concentrations in(More)
PURPOSE To describe the clinical, radiographic, and laboratory features of sinus disease in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals. PATIENTS Seventy-two patients with a history of sinusitis identified from 1,461 consecutive admissions (667 patients) to the HIV ward at The Johns Hopkins Hospital. METHODS Retrospective chart review. (More)
This report describes an improved method for the direct detection of a broad spectrum of drugs of abuse in hemolyzed whole blood by means of Syva Emit enzyme immunoassay. Improvements include a 1.5 to 10 fold increase in Emit assay sensitivity along with a 2 to 4 times increase in the normal number of assays per kit. This was accomplished by enzyme(More)
We examined gender differences in drug use patterns and in medical presentation among 520 hospitalized, HIV-infected African-Americans. Substance abuse history was self-reported, and medical data were obtained by chart review. Overall, 321 (65%) reported ever having used heroin, with equivalent rates in men and women. Women were more likely to report(More)
The Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) established the World Trade Organization to supervise the reduction of barriers to, and liberalisation of, world trade. The application of sanitary and phytosanitary measures will be standardised to avoid use for protectionist purposes by countries or regional trade blocks. Harmonisation(More)