Jo Kramer-Johansen

Learn More
AIMS Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is common and carries a bleak prognosis. Early prediction of unfavourable outcomes is difficult but crucial to improve resource allocation. The aim of this study was to develop a simple tool for predicting survival with good neurological function in the overall population of patients with successfully resuscitated(More)
CONTEXT Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guidelines recommend target values for compressions, ventilations, and CPR-free intervals allowed for rhythm analysis and defibrillation. There is little information on adherence to these guidelines during advanced cardiac life support in the field. OBJECTIVE To measure the quality of out-of-hospital CPR(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and electrical defibrillation are the primary treatment options for ventricular fibrillation (VF). While recent studies have shown that providing CPR prior to defibrillation may improve outcomes, the effects of CPR quality remain unclear. Specifically, the clinical effects of compression depth and pauses in(More)
Targeted defibrillation therapy is needed to optimise survival chances of ventricular fibrillation (VF) patients, but at present VF analysis strategies to optimise defibrillation timing have insufficient predictive power. From 197 patients with in-hospital and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, 770 electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings of countershock attempts(More)
AIMS To compare quality of CPR during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with and without automated feedback. MATERIALS AND METHODS Consecutive adult, out-of-hospital cardiac arrests of all causes were studied. One hundred and seventy-six episodes (March 2002-October 2003) without feedback were compared to 108 episodes (October 2003-September 2004) where(More)
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) artifacts caused by chest compressions and ventilations interfere with the rhythm diagnosis of automated external defibrillators (AED). CPR must be interrupted for a reliable diagnosis. However, pauses in chest compressions compromise the defibrillation success rate and reduce perfusion of vital organs. The removal of the(More)
BACKGROUND Adrenaline (epinephrine) is used during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) based on animal experiments without supportive clinical data. Clinically CPR was reported recently to have much poorer quality than expected from international guidelines and what is generally done in laboratory experiments. We have studied the haemodynamic effects of(More)
BACKGROUND CPR quality is an important determinant of cardiac arrest outcome. Recent investigations have demonstrated that quality of clinical CPR is variable and often not in compliance with international consensus guidelines. The 2005 update of these guidelines included new recommendations for the measurement of resuscitation and CPR performance and the(More)
STUDY HYPOTHESIS Tracheal intubation should improve the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by enabling adequate ventilation without pauses in external chest compressions. METHODS Out-of-hospital cardiac arrests of all causes were sampled in this non-randomized, observational study of advanced cardiac life support in three ambulance services(More)
BACKGROUND Several different ventricular fibrillation (VF) analysis features based on ECG have been reported for shock outcome prediction. In this study we investigated the influence of the time from VF onset to shock delivery (VF duration) and the rhythm before onset of VF, on the probability of return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). We also analysed(More)