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Oxidative stress is recognized widely as being associated with various disorders including diabetes, hypertension, and atherosclerosis. It is well established that hydrogen has a reducing action. We therefore investigated the effects of hydrogen-rich water intake on lipid and glucose metabolism in patients with either type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) or(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical usefulness of examining endometrial biopsy specimens for aromatase cytochrome P-450 as a diagnostic test for endometriosis. DESIGN Retrospective, case-controlled study. SETTING Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan. PATIENT(S) One hundred five women of(More)
Recently, the first Neisseria gonorrhoeae strain (H041) that is highly resistant to the extended-spectrum cephalosporin (ESC) ceftriaxone, the last remaining option for empirical first-line treatment, was isolated. We performed a detailed characterization of H041, phenotypically and genetically, to confirm the finding, examine its antimicrobial resistance(More)
To determine whether local estrogen production takes place in endometriotic or adenomyotic tissues, in eutopic endometrium from patients with endometriosis or adenomyosis, and in normal endometrium, tissue specimens were examined by immunohistochemistry, catalytic activity, and mRNA expression for aromatase cytochrome P450 (P450arom). P450arom was(More)
Endometriosis, adenomyosis and leiomyomata develop in women of reproductive age and regress after menopause or ovariectomy, suggesting that they grow in an oestrogen-dependent fashion. We investigated whether polymorphism in the oestrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) gene is related to oestrogen-dependent benign uterine disease. A total of 203 women with(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether GnRH agonists or danazol therapy normalizes estrogen metabolism in the eutopic endometrium of women with endometriosis, adenomyosis, or leiomyomas. DESIGN Prospective clinical study. SETTING University hospital. PATIENT(S) Fifty-three women with endometriosis, adenomyosis, or leiomyomas. INTERVENTION(S) Patients(More)
PROBLEM Endometriosis is an immune-related, chronic inflammatory disease with a polygenic predisposition. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the interleukin-6 (IL-6) gene promoter region polymorphism (-634C/G) and the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) gene 469K/E polymorphism are responsible in part for the genetic susceptibility to(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate steroidogenesis in eutopic and ectopic endometrial tissues in adenomyosis. STUDY DESIGN Aromatase and estrone sulfatase activities were determined by anion-exchange resin column chromatography, thin-layer chromatography, and cocrystallization. The effects of danazol on the activity of these enzymes were also examined. Moreover,(More)
OBJECTIVES Monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells is an important initial event at the onset of atherosclerosis. It is partially mediated by the expression of adhesion molecules on the endothelial cell surface. While estrogens inhibit the development of atherosclerosis, the effect of co-administered progestin remains controversial. We examined the effect of(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate whether polymorphisms of CYP17 and CYP19 genes are associated with the risk of endometriosis, we analysed the frequency and distribution of a single nucleotide polymorphism at the 5' untranslated region of the CYP17 gene, and a tetranucleotide (TTTA) tandem repeat polymorphism and a 3 bp insertion (I)/deletion (D) polymorphism in(More)