Jo Kitawaki

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To the Editor: Spread of multi-drug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a major public health concern. Effective antimicrobial therapy is a key element in gonorrhea control. However , N. gonorrhoeae has developed resistance to multiple classes of anti-microbial drugs, including β-lactams, tetracyclines, and fl uoroquinolones (1–3). Even an extended-spectrum(More)
Estrogen replacement in postmenopausal women may help prevent or delay development of Alzheimer's disease. Because loss of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons with reductions in choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) concentration are associated with Alzheimer's disease, we investigated the effect of estradiol (E(2)) and J 861, a non-feminizing estrogen, on(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between the serum levels of soluble leptin receptor (SLEPR), and total, free and bound leptin, and the change in the serum SLEPR level during an IVF cycle. METHODS Serum concentrations of leptin and SLEPR were measured in 50 Japanese women of reproductive age, and 20 patients(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The senescence marker protein-30 (SMP30) is a 34 kDa protein originally identified in rat liver that shows decreased levels with age. Several functional studies using SMP30 knockout (Smp30(Y/-) ) mice established that SMP30 functions as an antioxidant and protects against apoptosis. To address the potential role of SMP30 in nonalcoholic(More)
Mycoplasma species cannot be identified by routine bacteriological culture methods and are resistant to common antimicrobial agents. Mycoplasma hominis usually colonizes the lower urogenital tract and causes pyelonephritis, pelvic inflammatory disease, chorioamnionitis, rupture of fetal membranes, preterm labor, postpartum fever, postabortal fever, and(More)
Sex-specific incidence rates for Alzheimer's disease (AD) are higher in women than men. Many fundamental researches and some clinical investigations have reported therapeutic and preventive effects of estrogens on AD. But WHIMS [S.A. Shumaker, C. Legault, S.R. Rapp, L. Thal, R.B. Wallace, J.K. Ockene, S.L. Hendrix, B.N. Jones IIIrd, A.R. Assaf, R.D.(More)
AF-6/afadin plays an important role in the formation of adherence junctions. In breast and colon cancer, loss of AF-6/afadin induces cell migration and cell invasion. We aimed to elucidate the role of AF-6/afadin in human endometrial cancer. Morphology and AF-6/afadin expression in endometrial cancer cell lines was investigated by 3-dimensional culture. We(More)
Introduction. The incidence of endometriosis affecting skin tissue represents only 0.5-1.0% of all endometriosis cases. A malignancy in the abdominal wall arising from endometriosis following cesarean section is even rarer; only 21 cases have previously been reported. The therapeutic strategy has not been determined because of the limited cases. We report a(More)
We examined the immunohistochemical expression of aromatase cytochrome P450 (P450arom), estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and Ki-67 in postoperative uterine sarcomas (n = 31) and the corresponding eutopic endometria (n = 20) to evaluate the relationships between the endocrine character of uterine sarcomas and the clinical features. In(More)
Primary vulvar adenocarcinomas are very rare. We describe the rare case of primary vulvar apocrine adenocarcinoma, a histologically rare subtype of vulvar adenocarcinoma. A 57-year-old Japanese woman presented with an enlarging vulvar mass. A dark-red, hemorrhagic, ulcerated tumor was on the right side of the anterior labial commissure measuring(More)