Learn More
Oxidative stress is recognized widely as being associated with various disorders including diabetes, hypertension, and atherosclerosis. It is well established that hydrogen has a reducing action. We therefore investigated the effects of hydrogen-rich water intake on lipid and glucose metabolism in patients with either type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) or(More)
Recently, the first Neisseria gonorrhoeae strain (H041) that is highly resistant to the extended-spectrum cephalosporin (ESC) ceftriaxone, the last remaining option for empirical first-line treatment, was isolated. We performed a detailed characterization of H041, phenotypically and genetically, to confirm the finding, examine its antimicrobial resistance(More)
Leptin is secreted by adipocytes and regulates appetite through interaction with hypothalamic leptin receptors (OB-R). Accumulated evidence shows that leptin is involved in the stimulation of reproductive functions and that local expression of leptin and OB-R in the ovary, oocyte, embryo, and placenta plays a role in early development. To investigate the(More)
Endometriosis, adenomyosis and leiomyomata develop in women of reproductive age and regress after menopause or ovariectomy, suggesting that they grow in an oestrogen-dependent fashion. We investigated whether polymorphism in the oestrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) gene is related to oestrogen-dependent benign uterine disease. A total of 203 women with(More)
PROBLEM Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha is a major cytokine involved in inflammatory and immune function. The aim of this study was to investigate whether polymorphisms at positions -1031, -863 and -857 in the TNF gene promoter region (TNFA) and TNF receptor type 2 gene (TNFR2) are responsible in part for genetic susceptibility to endometriosis. METHODS(More)
PROBLEM Endometriosis is an immune-related, chronic inflammatory disease with a polygenic predisposition. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the interleukin-6 (IL-6) gene promoter region polymorphism (-634C/G) and the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) gene 469K/E polymorphism are responsible in part for the genetic susceptibility to(More)
It has been reported that polymorphisms of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes and several cytokine genes are associated with an increased risk of developing gastric cancer (GC). However, the results of studies from different geographic regions, ethnic groups and study groups are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of H. pylori(More)
Although the exact etiology of endometriosis is unclear, several lines of evidence support roles for both cell-mediated and humoral immunity in its pathogenesis. To assess the association between HLA genotypes and endometriosis, we investigated the frequencies of HLA-A, -B, -C, and -DRB1 antigens or alleles in 123 Japanese patients with endometriosis and(More)
To determine whether local estrogen production takes place in endometriotic or adenomyotic tissues, in eutopic endometrium from patients with endometriosis or adenomyosis, and in normal endometrium, tissue specimens were examined by immunohistochemistry, catalytic activity, and mRNA expression for aromatase cytochrome P450 (P450arom). P450arom was(More)
To the Editor: Spread of multidrug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a major public health concern. Effective antimicrobial therapy is a key element in gonorrhea control. However, N. gonorrhoeae has developed resistance to multiple classes of antimicrobial drugs, including β-lactams, tetracyclines, and fl uoroquinolones (1–3). Even an extended-spectrum(More)