Jo Kitawaki

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Endometriosis, defined as the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside of the uterine cavity, develops mostly in women of reproductive age and regresses after menopause or ovariectomy, suggesting that the growth is estrogen-dependent. Indeed, the lesions contain estrogen receptors (ER) as well as aromatase, an enzyme that catalyses the conversion(More)
Aromatase activity, as well as steroid receptors, exists in nonfunctional ovarian tumors. Steroid receptor status has been reported to be related to prognosis in ovarian cancer patients. We determined aromatase activity and progesterone receptor (PR) and estrogen receptor (ER) levels in 43 ovarian tumors obtained from postmenopausal women. Aromatase(More)
To clarify whether cigarette smoking during pregnancy causes an organic alteration in placental estrogen producing ability, we determined the catalytic activity of aromatase by the tritiated water assay, and tissue level of aromatase cytochrome P-450 (P-450arom) by the specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, in placental samples from nonsmokers and(More)
To the Editor: Spread of multi-drug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a major public health concern. Effective antimicrobial therapy is a key element in gonorrhea control. However , N. gonorrhoeae has developed resistance to multiple classes of anti-microbial drugs, including β-lactams, tetracyclines, and fl uoroquinolones (1–3). Even an extended-spectrum(More)
We have studied the effects of various steroids on DNA synthesis in MCF-7 human breast carcinoma cells, which have aromatase activity and which exert an oestrogen receptor-mediated growth, to assess the significance of intracellular aromatase on growth stimulation as well as inhibition by aromatase inhibitors. The cells were cultured for 96 h in phenol(More)
Estrogen replacement in postmenopausal women may help prevent or delay development of Alzheimer's disease. Because loss of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons with reductions in choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) concentration are associated with Alzheimer's disease, we investigated the effect of estradiol (E(2)) and J 861, a non-feminizing estrogen, on(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between the serum levels of soluble leptin receptor (SLEPR), and total, free and bound leptin, and the change in the serum SLEPR level during an IVF cycle. METHODS Serum concentrations of leptin and SLEPR were measured in 50 Japanese women of reproductive age, and 20 patients(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The senescence marker protein-30 (SMP30) is a 34 kDa protein originally identified in rat liver that shows decreased levels with age. Several functional studies using SMP30 knockout (Smp30(Y/-) ) mice established that SMP30 functions as an antioxidant and protects against apoptosis. To address the potential role of SMP30 in nonalcoholic(More)
Sex-specific incidence rates for Alzheimer's disease (AD) are higher in women than men. Many fundamental researches and some clinical investigations have reported therapeutic and preventive effects of estrogens on AD. But WHIMS [S.A. Shumaker, C. Legault, S.R. Rapp, L. Thal, R.B. Wallace, J.K. Ockene, S.L. Hendrix, B.N. Jones IIIrd, A.R. Assaf, R.D.(More)
Introduction. The incidence of endometriosis affecting skin tissue represents only 0.5-1.0% of all endometriosis cases. A malignancy in the abdominal wall arising from endometriosis following cesarean section is even rarer; only 21 cases have previously been reported. The therapeutic strategy has not been determined because of the limited cases. We report a(More)