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Oxidative stress is recognized widely as being associated with various disorders including diabetes, hypertension, and atherosclerosis. It is well established that hydrogen has a reducing action. We therefore investigated the effects of hydrogen-rich water intake on lipid and glucose metabolism in patients with either type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) or(More)
PROBLEM Endometriosis is an immune-related, chronic inflammatory disease with a polygenic predisposition. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the interleukin-6 (IL-6) gene promoter region polymorphism (-634C/G) and the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) gene 469K/E polymorphism are responsible in part for the genetic susceptibility to(More)
It has been reported that polymorphisms of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes and several cytokine genes are associated with an increased risk of developing gastric cancer (GC). However, the results of studies from different geographic regions, ethnic groups and study groups are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of H. pylori(More)
OBJECTIVES Monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells is an important initial event at the onset of atherosclerosis. It is partially mediated by the expression of adhesion molecules on the endothelial cell surface. While estrogens inhibit the development of atherosclerosis, the effect of co-administered progestin remains controversial. We examined the effect of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical usefulness of examining endometrial biopsy specimens for aromatase cytochrome P-450 as a diagnostic test for endometriosis. DESIGN Retrospective, case-controlled study. SETTING Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan. PATIENT(S) One hundred five women of(More)
To determine whether local estrogen production takes place in endometriotic or adenomyotic tissues, in eutopic endometrium from patients with endometriosis or adenomyosis, and in normal endometrium, tissue specimens were examined by immunohistochemistry, catalytic activity, and mRNA expression for aromatase cytochrome P450 (P450arom). P450arom was(More)
Endometriosis, adenomyosis and leiomyomata develop in women of reproductive age and regress after menopause or ovariectomy, suggesting that they grow in an oestrogen-dependent fashion. We investigated whether polymorphism in the oestrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) gene is related to oestrogen-dependent benign uterine disease. A total of 203 women with(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate steroidogenesis in eutopic and ectopic endometrial tissues in adenomyosis. STUDY DESIGN Aromatase and estrone sulfatase activities were determined by anion-exchange resin column chromatography, thin-layer chromatography, and cocrystallization. The effects of danazol on the activity of these enzymes were also examined. Moreover,(More)
PROBLEM Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha is a major cytokine involved in inflammatory and immune function. The aim of this study was to investigate whether polymorphisms at positions -1031, -863 and -857 in the TNF gene promoter region (TNFA) and TNF receptor type 2 gene (TNFR2) are responsible in part for genetic susceptibility to endometriosis. METHODS(More)
Recently, the first Neisseria gonorrhoeae strain (H041) that is highly resistant to the extended-spectrum cephalosporin (ESC) ceftriaxone, the last remaining option for empirical first-line treatment, was isolated. We performed a detailed characterization of H041, phenotypically and genetically, to confirm the finding, examine its antimicrobial resistance(More)