Jo Kitawaki

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Aromatase activity, as well as steroid receptors, exists in nonfunctional ovarian tumors. Steroid receptor status has been reported to be related to prognosis in ovarian cancer patients. We determined aromatase activity and progesterone receptor (PR) and estrogen receptor (ER) levels in 43 ovarian tumors obtained from postmenopausal women. Aromatase(More)
Endometriosis, defined as the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside of the uterine cavity, develops mostly in women of reproductive age and regresses after menopause or ovariectomy, suggesting that the growth is estrogen-dependent. Indeed, the lesions contain estrogen receptors (ER) as well as aromatase, an enzyme that catalyses the conversion(More)
To clarify whether cigarette smoking during pregnancy causes an organic alteration in placental estrogen producing ability, we determined the catalytic activity of aromatase by the tritiated water assay, and tissue level of aromatase cytochrome P-450 (P-450arom) by the specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, in placental samples from nonsmokers and(More)
To the Editor: Spread of multi-drug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a major public health concern. Effective antimicrobial therapy is a key element in gonorrhea control. However , N. gonorrhoeae has developed resistance to multiple classes of anti-microbial drugs, including β-lactams, tetracyclines, and fl uoroquinolones (1–3). Even an extended-spectrum(More)
Leptin, the obese (ob) gene product, is secreted by adipocytes and regulates appetite through interaction with hypothalamic leptin receptors. Leptin may also have a stimulatory effect on reproductive function. Furthermore, leptin receptor mRNA is expressed in the ovary, suggesting a direct effect on its function. The present study examines the direct role(More)
We have studied the effects of various steroids on DNA synthesis in MCF-7 human breast carcinoma cells, which have aromatase activity and which exert an oestrogen receptor-mediated growth, to assess the significance of intracellular aromatase on growth stimulation as well as inhibition by aromatase inhibitors. The cells were cultured for 96 h in phenol(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic significance of CA-125 for endometriosis without ovarian endometriomas. METHODS Preoperative serum CA-125 levels were measured in 775 consecutive women diagnosed by laparoscopy or laparotomy with endometriosis, adenomyosis, leiomyomas, or normal pelvis. RESULTS Receiver operating(More)
Aromatase, estrone (E1) sulfatase and E1 sulfotransferase activities were examined in endometrium and endometrial cancer tissue preparations. Aromatase and E1 sulfatase activities in endometrial cancer tissues were found to be significantly higher than in normal endometrial tissues. However, E1 sulfotransferase activity did not differ between benign and(More)
Estrogen replacement in postmenopausal women may help prevent or delay development of Alzheimer's disease. Because loss of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons with reductions in choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) concentration are associated with Alzheimer's disease, we investigated the effect of estradiol (E(2)) and J 861, a non-feminizing estrogen, on(More)
Mycoplasma species cannot be identified by routine bacteriological culture methods and are resistant to common antimicrobial agents. Mycoplasma hominis usually colonizes the lower urogenital tract and causes pyelonephritis, pelvic inflammatory disease, chorioamnionitis, rupture of fetal membranes, preterm labor, postpartum fever, postabortal fever, and(More)