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In this article the structural analysis of the persistently bound form of the carcinogen N-acetyl-2-aminofluorene (AAF) to rat liver DNA in vivo is described. This compound appears to result from the formation of a covalent bond between carbon-3 of the aromatic ring and the amino group of guanine. Experimental evidence from three different approaches had(More)
We developed a simian virus 40 based shuttle vector system to study the molecular consequences of distinct carcinogen-induced DNA lesions in human cells. To establish the mutagenicity of O4-ethylthymine adducts, oligonucleotides carrying a single O4-ethylthymine adduct at a unique position were ligated into the vector molecules. Following replication in(More)
The major aminofluorene-DNA derivative formed from the carcinogen N-acetyl-2-aminofluorene in vivo in rat liver is N-(deoxyguanosin-8-yl)-2-aminofluorene. This nucleoside is hydrolyzed in aqueous solution at alkaline pH through the 7-8 guanine bond to form two pyrimidine derivatives which were separated by Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography and thin-layer(More)
The study of the binding of the liver carcinogen, N-acetyl-2-aminofluorene, to the DNA of the target organ-as the probable initial step in the process of carcinogenesis-has shown that three modes of interaction occur. N-Acetyl-2-aminofluorene is covalently bound with the nitrogen to the carbon 8 of guanine (I) and with the 3-position to the free NH(2)-group(More)
To examine the effects of aminofluorene-DNA adduct formation on the biological activity of DNA, single-stranded (ss) phi X174 DNA and phi X174 replicative form (RF) DNA were modified to different extents with 3H-labeled N-hydroxy-2-aminofluorene and subsequently transfected to Escherichia coli spheroplasts with different repair capabilities. When the(More)
The arylamine carcinogen 3,2'-dimethyl-4-aminobiphenyl (DMABP) has been proposed to be metabolically activated to DNA-binding derivatives through the formation of an N-hydroxy intermediate. In this study, the subsequent activation of N-hydroxy-DMABP through acid catalysis or enzymatic esterification was examined. [Ring-3H]N-hydroxy-DMABP was reacted with(More)
Calf thymus DNA was modified with 2-aminofluorene (AF) to different extents by treatment with N-hydroxy-2-aminofluorene. The AF-modified DNAs together with free AF, the AF-modified guanine (Gua-C8-AF) and the AF-modified deoxyguanosine (dGuo-C8-AF) were subsequently studied by u.v. absorbance, linear dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy. The emission and(More)
Male rats were treated with [ring-3H]N-acetyl-2-aminofluorene and sacrificed at different periods of time after a single i.p. dose. Chromatin was isolated from liver homogenates and treated with RNAse and proteinase K. The resulting crude DNA was purified as the N-hexadecyl-N-trimethylammonium salt. The amounts of 2-aminofluorene and(More)