Joëlle Saulnier

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Pseudomonas aeruginosa elastase was used to synthesize various N-protected dipeptide amides. The identity of the products was confirmed by FAB(+)-MS. After recrystallization, the yield of their synthesis was calculated, their purity was checked by RP-HPLC and their melting point was measured. With regard to the hydrolysis, it is well-established that the(More)
In normal and pathological tissues, polymorphonuclear leukocyte proteases (elastase, cathepsin G and proteinase 3) may generate soluble peptides through limited proteolysis of elastin, the main component of mature elastic fibres. Elastin-derived peptides display diverse biological activities including cell migration, differentiation, proliferation,(More)
Elastolysis of insoluble elastin by Pseudomonas aeruginosa elastase was found to be less specific (higher apparent Km value) but more active (higher activity) than with pancreatic elastase. Furthermore, pancreatic and P. aeruginosa elastases act synergistically during the initial stages of elastolysis. After extensive hydrolysis, the size distribution of(More)
It is well demonstrated that various peptides derived from elastin are biologically active. The hexapeptide (Val-Gly-Val-Ala-Pro-Gly; VI) as well as elastin peptides were demonstrated to be chemotactic for fibroblasts, while kappa-elastin had marked biological effects on human PMNLs. The aim of our present work was to synthesize various elastin peptides and(More)
Measurement of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity often remains a challenge, mainly in complex media. Two sets of methods are currently used. The first one measures the hydrolysis of natural protein substrates (labeled or not) and includes the popular zymography. These techniques which are quite sensitive, cannot generally be carried out on a(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that causes severe infections in vulnerable hosts. It may produce various virulence factors including proteases. Among them, LasA possesses both elastolytic and staphylolytic (hydrolysis of pentaglycine cross-links in the cell wall peptidoglycan) activities. To understand if its elastolytic activity(More)
Aortic elastins, isolated from 30 humans of different ages, were purified by alkaline extraction, and separated into two groups depending on the presence of atherosclerotic plaques and calcification (grades 0 and 1). It was confirmed that the severity of atherosclerosis increases significantly with age (P less than 0.001) and elastin content decreases with(More)
Enzymatic peptide syntheses may be either thermodynamically- or kinetically-controlled. The former may be catalyzed by any proteases; the latter is limited to serine and cysteine proteases. This methodology is quite stereospecific and avoids side chain protection but is suffering of some drawbacks. Thus, only two industrial processes are by now developed:(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa elastase was used for peptide-bond synthesis with benzyloxycarbonylalanine and amino acid amides as nucleophilic substrates. Dipeptide-bond synthesis was observed only for hydrophobic amino acid amides. The rate of peptide synthesis, measured by h.p.l.c., was in the decreasing order: Phe > Leu > Tyr > Val, Ile > Ala, which is(More)
A highly sensitive assay based on new internally quenched fluorogenic peptide substrates has been developed for monitoring protease activities. These novel substrates comprise an Edans (5-(2-aminoethylamino)-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid) group at the C terminus and a Dabsyl (4-(dimethylamino)azobenzene-4'-sulfonyl chloride) fluorophore at the N terminus of(More)