Joëlle Marchal

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Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a growth factor that protects alveolar epithelial cells from pulmonary fibrosis in various animal models. We compared in vitro HGF production by human lung fibroblasts from patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF, n = 8) and from control subjects (n = 6). Basal HGF secretion by IPF fibroblasts was decreased by 50%(More)
UNLABELLED Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by an uncontrolled accumulation and activation of lung fibroblasts. A modulation of fibroblast activation has been observed in various systems with octreotide, a synthetic somatostatin analog with strong affinity for the somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (sst2). One aim of our study was to(More)
Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) is secreted by fibroblasts and protects from pulmonary fibrosis in animal models. Interleukin (IL)-1beta is the most potent inducer of KGF in fibroblasts, acting through the c-Jun pathway. We evaluated in vitro KGF production by human lung fibroblasts from patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF, n = 10) and from(More)
Increased numbers of tumor-infiltrating neutrophils are linked to poorer outcome in patients with adenocarcinoma of the bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC) subtype. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a pleiotropic cytokine operating through activation of the proto-oncogene c-met and is a factor of poor prognosis in various cancers. Reports that neutrophils(More)
Pulmonary emphysema is characterized by persistent inflammation and progressive alveolar destruction. The keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) favorably influences alveolar maintenance and repair and possesses anti-inflammatory properties. We aimed to determine whether exogenous KGF prevented or corrected elastase-induced pulmonary emphysema in vivo. Treatment(More)
Neutrophils may participate in the development of lung fibrosis. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), a growth factor for type II pneumocytes, is produced by neutrophils. We measured the production of HGF by blood and alveolar neutrophils from patients with either idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (n = 11) or connective tissue disease-associated pulmonary fibrosis(More)
AIMS Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (PLCH) is characterized by the presence of lesions containing numerous activated Langerhans cells (LCs). An uncontrolled immune response sustained by activated LCs seems to be involved in the pathogenesis of the disease. The aim of this study was to establish whether disruption of LC apoptosis related to the(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocyte and keratinocyte growth factors are key growth factors in the process of alveolar repair. We hypothesized that excessive alveolar destruction observed in lung emphysema involves impaired expression of hepatocyte and keratinocyte growth factors or their respective receptors, c-met and keratinocyte growth factor receptor. The aim of our(More)
Bid, a proapoptotic member of Bcl-2 family, is involved in Fas receptor signaling. Fas activation promotes human eosinophil cell death and is believed to accelerate the resolution of pulmonary Th2-driven allergic reaction in mice. We hypothesized that Bid would regulate eosinophil apoptosis and Ag-induced airway inflammation, particularly eosinophilia.(More)
The effects of amino acid starvation on the metabolic behavior of polysomes and the size distribution of proteins have been studied in an otherwise isogenic pair of stringent (relA+) and relaxed (relA) strains of Escherichia coli. The stability of polysomes has been analyzed by using two different approaches. First, the process of their degradation has been(More)