Joëlle G. Boué

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The fragile X syndrome, a common cause of inherited mental retardation, is characterized by an unusual mode of inheritance. Phenotypic expression has been linked to abnormal cytosine methylation of a single CpG island, at or very near the fragile site. Probes adjacent to this island detected very localized DNA rearrangements that constituted the fragile X(More)
BACKGROUND The fragile X syndrome, the most common form of inherited mental retardation, is caused by mutations that increase the size of a specific DNA fragment of the X chromosome (in Xq27.3). Affected persons have both a full mutation and abnormal DNA methylation. Persons with a smaller increase in the size of this DNA fragment (a premutation) have(More)
Epidemiologic studies, retrospective and prospective, were done on 1500 abortions collected from 1966-1972. No secular or seasonal variations were observed. From the analysis of the relative frequencies of the different types of chromsome anomalies it is estimated that 1 out of every 2 conceptions has a chromosome anomaly. Maternal-age influence was found(More)
The prenatal diagnosis of cystic fibrosis is now routinely performed by using two probes tightly linked to the CF locus (XV2C and KM19). These probes have been shown to exhibit a strong linkage disequilibrium with the CF locus. Our data (103 families) have been pooled with other French data (237 families). They are consistent with the hypothesis of a unique(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked recessive genetic disorder for which the biochemical defect is as yet unknown. Recently, two cloned segments of human X-chromosome DNA have been described which detect structural alterations within or near the genetic locus responsible for the disorder. Both of these cloned segments were described as tightly(More)
To characterize mutations in the CYP21B gene that are responsible for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), DNA samples from 91 French patients have been studied by allelic-specific oligonucleotide hybridization and Southern blot analysis. Seven sites mostly found in the CYP21A pseudogene and deletions of the functional CYP21B gene have been screened. Gene(More)
The frequency of 12 different mutations of the steroid 21-hydroxylase gene (CYP21) was investigated in 129 French patients affected by congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency. Eighty-nine percent of the CAH chromosomes were characterized. The most frequent mutations were a C-G substitution in intron 2, the deletion of(More)
In order to investigate the origin of mutations responsible for the fragile X syndrome, two polymorphic CA repeats, one at 10 kb (FRAXAC2) and the other at 150 kb (DXS548) from the mutation target, were analyzed in normal and fragile X chromosomes. Contrary to observations made in myotonic dystrophy, fragile X mutations were not strongly associated with a(More)