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The accumulation and activation of microglial cells at sites of amyloid prion deposits or plaques have been documented extensively. Here, we investigate the in vivo recruitment of microglial cells soon after intraocular injection of scrapie-infected cell homogenate (hgtsc+) using immunohistochemistry on retinal sections. A population of CD11b/CD45-positive(More)
Aberrant mitochondrial function appears to play a central role in dopaminergic neuronal loss in Parkinson's disease (PD). 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium iodide (MPP(+)), the active metabolite of N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), is a selective inhibitor of mitochondrial complex I and is widely used in rodent and cell models to elicit(More)
Genetic and environmental factors are critical elements influencing the etiology of major depression. It is now accepted that neuroinflammatory processes play a major role in neuropsychological disorders. Neuroinflammation results from the dysregulation of the synthesis and/or release of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines with central or peripheral origin(More)
The ontogenesis of neurotensin binding sites was studied in human brain of subjects deceased from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Monoiodo-Tyr3 neurotensin specifically recognized 2 distinct classes of binding sites in human brain homogenate. The high affinity sites were already present at birth and increased to a maximal level of 240 fmol/mg protein 1 month(More)
In this work, the 100-kDa neurotensin (NT) receptor previously purified from human brain by affinity chromatography (Zsürger, N., Mazella, J., and Vincent, J. P. (1994) Brain Res. 639, 245-252) was cloned from a human brain cDNA library. This cDNA encodes a 833-amino acid protein 100% identical to the recently cloned gp95/sortilin and was then designated(More)
Prion diseases are transmissible neurodegenerative disorders characterized by the accumulation in the CNS of the protease-resistant prion protein (PrPres), a structurally misfolded isoform of its physiological counterpart PrPsen. Both neuropathogenesis and prion infectivity are related to PrPres formation. Here, we report that the nonpsychoactive cannabis(More)
We recently demonstrated that the 118-135 putative transmembrane domain of prion protein (PrP) exhibited membrane fusogenic properties and induced apoptotic neuronal cell death of rat cortical neurons, independently of its aggregation state. The aim of the present study was to analyze the in vivo neurotoxicity of the prion fragment P118-135 and to evaluate(More)
The study of the pharmacological, biochemical, and transduction properties of the cloned rat brain neurotensin receptor was carried out in thymidine kinase mutant fibroblasts stably transfected with the receptor cDNA. The interaction of neurotensin with transfected fibroblasts leads to a concentration-dependent stimulation of phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis(More)
One of the major pathological hallmarks of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) is the accumulation of a pathogenic (scrapie) isoform (PrP(Sc)) of the cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) primarily in the central nervous system. The synthetic prion peptide PrP106-126 shares many characteristics with PrP(Sc) in that it shows PrP(C)-dependent(More)
This paper compares the localization of neurotensin receptors and of endopeptidase 24-16, a peptidase likely involved in the inactivation of neurotensin in primary cultures of neurons. Neurotensin binding sites were radiolabeled with 125I-Tyr3-neurotensin, whereas endopeptidase 24-16 was stained by immunohistochemical techniques using a monospecific(More)