Learn More
The accumulation and activation of microglial cells at sites of amyloid prion deposits or plaques have been documented extensively. Here, we investigate the in vivo recruitment of microglial cells soon after intraocular injection of scrapie-infected cell homogenate (hgtsc+) using immunohistochemistry on retinal sections. A population of CD11b/CD45-positive(More)
Aberrant mitochondrial function appears to play a central role in dopaminergic neuronal loss in Parkinson's disease (PD). 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium iodide (MPP(+)), the active metabolite of N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), is a selective inhibitor of mitochondrial complex I and is widely used in rodent and cell models to elicit(More)
The recently cloned new subtype of G protein-coupled neurotensin receptor (NTRL) was stably expressed in the HEK 293 cell line in order to investigate its binding and internalization properties. The expressed receptor exhibited the typical binding characteristics of the low affinity, levocabastine-sensitive binding site previously described in rat and mouse(More)
In this work, the 100-kDa neurotensin (NT) receptor previously purified from human brain by affinity chromatography (Zsürger, N., Mazella, J., and Vincent, J. P. (1994) Brain Res. 639, 245-252) was cloned from a human brain cDNA library. This cDNA encodes a 833-amino acid protein 100% identical to the recently cloned gp95/sortilin and was then designated(More)
Genetic and environmental factors are critical elements influencing the etiology of major depression. It is now accepted that neuroinflammatory processes play a major role in neuropsychological disorders. Neuroinflammation results from the dysregulation of the synthesis and/or release of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines with central or peripheral origin(More)
We recently demonstrated that the 118-135 putative transmembrane domain of prion protein (PrP) exhibited membrane fusogenic properties and induced apoptotic neuronal cell death of rat cortical neurons, independently of its aggregation state. The aim of the present study was to analyze the in vivo neurotoxicity of the prion fragment P118-135 and to evaluate(More)
The ontogenesis of neurotensin binding sites was studied in human brain of subjects deceased from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Monoiodo-Tyr3 neurotensin specifically recognized 2 distinct classes of binding sites in human brain homogenate. The high affinity sites were already present at birth and increased to a maximal level of 240 fmol/mg protein 1 month(More)
Environmental enrichment (EE) that combines voluntary physical exercise, sensory and social stimuli, causes profound changes in rodent brain at molecular, anatomical and behavioral levels. Here, we show that EE efficiently reduces anxiety and depression-like behaviors in a mouse model of depression induced by long-term administration of corticosterone.(More)
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are accompanied by the recruitment of microglial cells in the vicinity of amyloid aggregates of the pathological prion protein (PrPres). We previously showed that PrPres itself triggered the recruitment of microglia by interacting with neurons leading to the up-regulation of the expression level of chemokines,(More)
Prion diseases are transmissible neurodegenerative disorders characterized by the accumulation in the CNS of the protease-resistant prion protein (PrPres), a structurally misfolded isoform of its physiological counterpart PrPsen. Both neuropathogenesis and prion infectivity are related to PrPres formation. Here, we report that the nonpsychoactive cannabis(More)