Joël Heppell

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The genome of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) is composed of two segments of dsRNA. The larger segment contains a small ORF partly overlapping the 5' end of the polyprotein reading frame. Yet very little is known about this possible new gene, which presumably codes for a 17 kDa polypeptide (VP5). The region of the viral genome which encompasses(More)
Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV), a birnavirus, is an important pathogen in fish farms. Analyses of viral proteins showed that VP2 is the major structural and immunogenic polypeptide of the virus. All neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against IPNV are specific to VP2 and bind to continuous or discontinuous epitopes. In order to determine(More)
Ultrastructure of fish lymphocystis disease virus (LDV), the largest of all known icosahedral viruses, has been studied under electron microscopy using enzymatic digestions and detergent degradations. LDV structure appeared roughly the same as those of frog virus 3 (FV3) and chilo iridescent virus (CIV), two other well known viruses of the(More)
Infectious Salmon Anaemia is a serious disease of farmed Atlantic Salmon on three continents. The disease causes severe anaemia and haemorrphagic liver necrosis, and carries major economic consequences for affected areas. Nevertheless, the causative agent, a novel orthomyxo-like Virus (Infectious Salmon Anaemia Virus – ISAV), is only partially characterized(More)
Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) is the aetiological agent of an important disease in hatchery-reared salmonid fish in North America, Europe and Japan. It belongs to the family Birnaviridae and shows a high degree of antigenic heterogeneity. However, genomic variations between the 10 identified serotypes have not yet been studied. In order to(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were produced against three serotypes of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV): A1 (LWVRT 60-1, U.S.A.), A2 (d'Honnincthun, France) and A9 (Jasper, Canada). Each panel of MAbs (identified as LW, HF and JA) was analysed by ELISA with the 10 proposed serotypes of IPNV and their specificity defined by immunoprecipitation and(More)
A collection of neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) produced against the LWVRT 60.1, Jasper and N1 strains of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) were selected for the analysis of VP2 epitopes. Previous characterization of the LW and JA MAbs allowed the identification of continuous and discontinuous epitopes but the topological localization of(More)
Infectious pancreatic necrosis is an important viral disease of salmonid fish reared in hatchery. Its etiological agent, IPNV, showed a high degree of antigenic heterogeneity. Up to 10 serotypes and 2 serogroups were proposed. Yet, very little is known about genomic variations among viruses of different origin. In order to investigate these variations, a(More)
Strains of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV-Jasper) obtained from two different laboratories were compared serologically with polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies. Nucleotide sequence and restriction endonuclease patterns of 359-bp fragment of genome segment A cDNA were also compared. Substantial differences were found in both analyses that will(More)
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