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A high proportion of purebred Hampshire pigs carries the dominant RN- mutation, which causes high glycogen content in skeletal muscle. The mutation has beneficial effects on meat content but detrimental effects on processing yield. Here, it is shown that the mutation is a nonconservative substitution (R200Q) in the PRKAG3 gene, which encodes a(More)
A panel of 27 pig x rodent somatic cell hybrids was produced and characterized cytogenetically. The first step of this study consisted of hybridizing a SINE probe to GTG-banded metaphases of each hybrid clone in order to count and identify the normal pig chromosomes and to detect rearranged ones. The second step consisted of using the DNA of each clone as a(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the correspondence between human and porcine chromosome fragments using whole chromosome painting probes from both species in heterologous hybridization experiments (bidirectional heterologous chromosome painting). Bidirectional experiments allow the determination of segment-to-segment homologies between the(More)
A quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis of growth and fatness data from a three-generation experimental cross between Meishan (MS) and Large White (LW) pig breeds is presented. Six boars and 23 F1 sows, the progeny of six LW boars and six MS sows, produced 530 F2 males and 573 F2 females. Nine growth traits, i.e. body weight at birth and at 3, 10, 13, 17(More)
We have developed a panel of 152 whole-genome radiation hybrids by fusing irradiated diploid pig lymphocytes or fibroblasts with recipient hamster permanent cells. The number and size of the porcine chromosome fragments retained in each hybrid clone were checked by fluorescence in situ hybridization with a SINE probe or by primed in situ labeling (PRINS)(More)
UNLABELLED Three-dimensional fluorescence in situ hybridization (3D-FISH) is used to study the organization and the positioning of chromosomes or specific sequences such as genes or RNA in cell nuclei. Many different programs (commercial or free) allow image analysis for 3D-FISH experiments. One of the more efficient open-source programs for automatically(More)
Large-scale sequencing of cDNAs from numerous tissues is currently being performed within the framework of the Human Genome Project. These expressed sequence tags (ESTs) are then mapped on a radiation hybrid panel to produce a high-resolution map of human genes. In this report, we estimate the efficiency of mapping these ESTs in the pig. A total of 344(More)
To identify genes with effects on meat quality and production traits we developed an adult porcine skeletal muscle cDNA library. After pre-screening this library with seven genes highly expressed in skeletal muscle, 385 non-hybridizing clones were sequenced from both ends to yield 510 expressed sequence tags (ESTs). Together with those ESTs previously(More)
A feature of avian karyotypes is the presence of microchromosomes. As a typical avian genome, the chicken karyotype (2n = 78) consists of nine pairs of macrochromosomes, including the W and Z sexual chromosomes, and 30 pairs of indistinguishable microchromosomes usually ordered arbitrarily by decreasing size. Despite their reduced size, microchromosomes(More)