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End-stopped cells in cortical area V1, which combine outputs of complex cells tuned to different orientations, serve to detect line and edge crossings, singularities and points with large curvature. These cells can be used to construct retinotopic keypoint maps at different spatial scales (level-of-detail). The importance of the multi-scale keypoint(More)
In this paper we present an improved scheme for line and edge detection in cortical area V1, based on responses of simple and complex cells, truly multi-scale with no free parameters. We illustrate the multi-scale representation for visual reconstruction, and show how object segregation can be achieved with coarse-to-fine-scale groupings. A two-level object(More)
PURPOSE To determine the age- and sex-specific prevalence of early and late age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in two Portuguese population-based samples and to identify its risk factors. POPULATION A population of 6023 adults aged ≥55 years was recruited from two Portuguese primary healthcare units in the central region of Portugal - one from a(More)
This work proposes a modification of the 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) spectrophotometric assay commonly used to evaluate the concentration of carbonyl groups in oxidized proteins. In this approach NaOH is added to the protein solution after the addition of DNPH, shifting the maximum absorbance wavelength of the derivatized protein from 370 to 450nm.(More)
In the pharmaceutical industry the long-term challenge of drug innovation is the key phrase throughout R&D that refers to increasing the output of original drug candidate molecules. To increase R&D productivity, implementation of new and strategic R&D orientations to develop new approaches or systems to identify hits and leads efficiently has taken place(More)
Mutations in the genes encoding the alpha-subunit and beta-subunit of the mitochondrial electron transfer flavoprotein (ETF) and the electron transfer flavoprotein:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (ETF:QO) cause multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenation deficiency (MADD), a disorder of fatty acid and amino acid metabolism. Point mutations in ETF, which may compromise(More)
Injectable hydrogels with biodegradability have in situ formability which in vitro/in vivo allows an effective and homogeneous encapsulation of drugs/cells, and convenient in vivo surgical operation in a minimally invasive way, causing smaller scar size and less pain for patients. Therefore, they have found a variety of biomedical applications, such as drug(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be isolated from several tissues in the body, have the ability to self-renewal, show immune suppressive properties and are multipotent, being able to generate various cell types. At present, due to their intrinsic characteristics, MSCs are considered very promising in the area of tissue engineering and regenerative(More)