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Prenatal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure causes reproductive, behavioral and neurochemical injuries in both the mother and pups. Previous investigations by our group showed that prenatal LPS administration (100 microg/kg, i.p.) on gestational day 9.5 impaired the male offspring's social behavior in infancy and adulthood. In the present study, we(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the behavioral patterns associated with autism and the prevalence of these behaviors in males and females, to verify whether our model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration represents an experimental model of autism. For this, we prenatally exposed Wistar rats to LPS (100 μg/kg, intraperitoneally, on(More)
The present study analyzed the effect of social stable hierarchical dominance/submissive relationships in C57BL/6 mice on behavior, innate immunity, serum corticosterone levels and host resistance to B16F10 melanoma growth. Adult mice (90 days old) kept in pairs since weaning, were analyzed for dominant/submissive ranking in three consecutive days according(More)
AIMS Environmental information received by a mother can induce a phenotype change in her offspring, commonly known as a maternal effect (trans-generational effect). The present work verified the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), which mimics bacterial infection, on maternal care and on the activity of related brain areas in F1 offspring, i.e., female(More)
The present study analyzed the effects of physical and psychological stressors on behavior, immune function, and serum corticosterone in mice. Adult mice were submitted once daily, for 6 days to one of the following conditions: escapable (ES) or inescapable (IS) footshocks (0.2 mA) signaled by a tone cue or to a psychological stressor (PS) generated through(More)
This article describes D1 and D2 receptor subfamilies, their neuroanatomic localizations and the possibility of their neuronal co-localization and relation to the other dopamine autoreceptors and those coupled to G-proteins as well as the actions of antipsychotic drugs on D1 and D2 receptor subfamilies are also analyzed.
This study examines the effects on open-field and stereotyped behaviour of rats of abrupt withdrawal from repeated treatment with a low (0.03 mg kg-1) dose of haloperidol. Single administration of this low dose of haloperidol significantly increased open-field locomotion without modifying apomorphine (0.5 or 2.0 mg kg-1)-induced stereotyped behaviour.(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigates the effects of prenatal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure on the maternal behavior of pregnant rats and the physical development and sexual behavior of their male offspring in adulthood. METHODS For two experiments, pregnant rats were injected with LPS (250 microg/kg, i.p.) on gestation day (GD) 21. In the first(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the relationship between maternal sickness behavior during pregnancy and offspring development and behavior. METHODS Pregnant Wistar rats were administered with lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 100 microg/kg, i.p.) on gestation day (GD) 9.5. Dams' sickness behavior was analyzed, and at birth, offspring number and weight were(More)
The interaction between GABAergic and dopaminergic systems within the central nervous system was investigated in rats using the open-field apparatus and apomorphine-induced stereotypy, and in mice using haloperidol-induced catalepsy. The single intraperitoneal administration of baclofen 3.0 mg/kg, 4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoxasolo-(5,4-c) piridin-3-ol (THIP) 10.0(More)