João N Carita

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A novel multihemic cytochrome bc complex was isolated from the membranes of Rhodothermus marinus. It is a complex with a minimum of three subunits (43, 27, and 18 kDa), containing five low-spin heme centers of the B and C types, in a 1:4 ratio. All the C-type hemes are in the same subunit (27 kDa). Three distinct redox transitions, at 235, 80, and -45 mV,(More)
Archaeoglobus fulgidus is a hyperthermophilic sulphate-reducing archaeon. It has an optimum growth temperature of 83 degrees C and is described as a strict anaerobe. Its genome lacks any homologue of canonical superoxide (O2.-) dismutases. In this work, we show that neelaredoxin (Nlr) is the main O2.- scavenger in A. fulgidus, by studying both the wild-type(More)
The respiratory chain of the thermohalophilic bacterium Rhodothermus marinus contains a novel complex III and a high potential iron-sulfur protein (HiPIP) as the main electron shuttle (Pereira et al., Biochemistry 38 (1999) 1268-1275 and 1276-1283). In this paper, one of the terminal oxidases expressed in this bacterium is extensively characterised. It is a(More)
In the thermohalophilic bacterium Rhodothermus marinus, the NADH:quinone oxidoreductase (complex I) is encoded by two single genes and two operons, one of which contains the genes for five complex I subunits, nqo10-nqo14, a pterin carbinolamine dehydratase, and a putative single subunit Na+/H+ antiporter. Here we report that the latter encodes indeed a(More)
Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough is a good model organism to study hydrogen metabolism in sulfate-reducing bacteria. Hydrogen is a key compound for these organisms, since it is one of their major energy sources in natural habitats and also an intermediate in the energy metabolism. The D. vulgaris Hildenborough genome codes for six different(More)
Rhodothermus marinus, a thermohalophilic bacterium, has a unique electron-transfer chain, containing, besides a cbb3 and a caa3 terminal oxidases, a novel cytochrome bc complex [Pereira, M. M., Carita, J. N., and Teixeira, M. (1999) Biochemistry 38, 1268-1275]. The membrane-bound iron-sulfur centers of this bacterium were studied by electron paramagnetic(More)
The genome of the sulphate reducing bacterium Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough, still considered a strict anaerobe, encodes two oxygen reductases of the bd and haem-copper types. The haem-copper oxygen reductase deduced amino acid sequence reveals that it is a Type A2 enzyme, which in its subunit II contains two c-type haem binding motifs. We have(More)
Rhodothermus (R.) marinus, a thermohalophilic gram-negative, and strict aerobic bacterium, has a rather distinct respiratory chain, containing a caa3 terminal oxidase, a novel cytochrome bc complex and a HiPIP, which is an electron carrier between this complex and a terminal oxidase (Pereira et al (1999a, c). To further elucidate this unusual respiratory(More)
Intracellular free iron, is under aerobic conditions and via the Fenton reaction a catalyst for the formation of harmful reactive oxygen species. In this article, we analyzed the relation between intracellular iron storage and oxidative stress response in the sulfate reducing bacterium Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough, an anaerobe that is often found in(More)
The protective mechanisms of Deinococcus radiodurans against primary reactive oxygen species involve nonenzymatic scavengers and a powerful enzymatic antioxidant system including catalases, peroxidases and superoxide dismutases that prevents oxidative damage. Catalase is an enzyme that is responsible for the conversion of H2O2 to O2 and H2O, protecting the(More)