João Miguel Carvas

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BACKGROUND Macrophage-mediated chronic inflammation is mechanistically linked to insulin resistance and atherosclerosis. Although arginase I is considered antiinflammatory, the role of arginase II (Arg-II) in macrophage function remains elusive. This study characterizes the role of Arg-II in macrophage inflammatory responses and its impact on obesity-linked(More)
AIM The sex hormones 17β-estradiol (βES) and progesterone (PRG) induce rapid non-genomic vasodilator effects which could be protective for the cardiovascular system. The purpose of this study was to analyze the mechanisms underlying their vasodilator effect in rat aortic smooth muscle preparations. METHODS Endothelium-denuded aorta artery rings were(More)
BACKGROUND The circadian clock regulates biological processes including cardiovascular function and metabolism. In the present study, we investigated the role of the circadian clock gene Period2 (Per2) in endothelial function in a mouse model. METHODS AND RESULTS Compared with the wild-type littermates, mice with Per2 mutation exhibited impaired(More)
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)/S6K1 signalling emerges as a critical regulator of aging. Yet, a role of mTOR/S6K1 in aging-associated vascular endothelial dysfunction remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of S6K1 in aging-associated endothelial dysfunction and effects of the polyphenol resveratrol on S6K1 in aging endothelial cells.(More)
Period2 (Per2) is an important component of the circadian clock. Mutation of this gene is associated with vascular endothelial dysfunction and altered glucose metabolism. The aim of this study is to further characterize whole body glucose homeostasis and endothelial nitric oxide (NO) production in response to insulin in the mPer2(Brdm1) mice. We show that(More)
BACKGROUND Pharmacological inhibition of endothelial arginase-II has been shown to improve endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) function and reduce atherogenesis in animal models. We investigated whether the endothelial arginase II is involved in inflammatory responses in endothelial cells. METHODS Human endothelial cells were isolated from umbilical(More)
Hexosamine biosynthetic pathway (HBP) accounts for some cardiovascular adverse effects of hyperglycemia. We investigated whether the HBP inhibitor azaserine protects against hyperglycemia-induced endothelial damage dependently of HBP. Human endothelial cells isolated from umbilical veins were exposed either to a high (30.5 mmol/l) or low concentration of(More)
Rapamycin has been reported to enhance tissue factor (TF) expression. The present study investigated roles of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and its downstream S6K1 in this process. We showed here that, consistent with rapamycin, knocking-down mTOR enhanced thrombin-induced TF mRNA and protein levels, whereas silencing S6K1 mitigated up-regulation of(More)
Elevated cellular levels of protein O-linked beta-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) through hexosamine biosynthesis pathway (HBP) are suggested to contribute to cardiovascular adverse effects under chronic hyperglycemic condition associated with oxidative stress and inflammation. Conversely, enhancing O-GlcNAc levels have also been demonstrated being(More)
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