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This paper presents a QRS-T subtraction approach for atrial fibrillation (AF) intracardiac atrial electrograms (AEG). It also presents a comparison between the proposed method and two alternative ventricular subtraction techniques: average beat subtraction (ABS) using a fixed length window and an approach based on flat interpolation for QRS cancellation.(More)
Atrial electrograms (EGMs) with high dominant frequency (DF) are believed to represent atrial substrates with periodic activation responsible for the maintenance of persistent atrial fibrillation (persAF). This study aimed to assess the DF spatiotemporal behavior using high density noncontact mapping in persAF. For 8 patients undergoing left atrial (LA)(More)
The main objective of this article is to implement and compare QRS subtraction techniques for intra-cardiac atrial electrograms based on using the surface ECG as a reference. A band-pass filter between 8 and 20 Hz followed by rectification, and then a low-pass filter at 6 Hz are used for QRS detection. QRS subtraction was performed using three different(More)
Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, and it is associated with increased risk of stroke, heart failure, and mortality. This work describes spectral analysis techniques that are being used in conjunction with visualization algorithms to help guide catheter ablation procedures that aim at treating patients with arrhythmia.
Ablation of persistent atrial fibrillation (persAF) targeting complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAEs) detected by automated algorithms has produced conflicting outcomes in previous electrophysiological studies. We hypothesize that the differences in these algorithms could lead to discordant CFAE classifications by the available mapping systems,(More)
Dominant frequency (DF) mapping has been widely used to study the pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation (AF). In this study, a DF mapping system was developed to guide catheter ablation on electro-physiology (EP) procedures of persistent AF patients. The proposed platform has an automated graphical user interface (GUI) that processes non-contact unipolar(More)
Identification and targeting of arrhythmogenic atrial regions remains an evident challenge in persistent atrial fibrillation patients. Frequency and phase analysis have shown their usefulness for better understanding the arrhythmia. This study aimed to investigate the spatio-temporal association between dominant frequency (DF) and re-entrant phase(More)
The spatial distribution of atrial dominant frequency (DF), phase and phase singularity points (PSs) may reflect mechanisms driving and maintaining persistent atrial fibrillation (persAF). Here we developed an automatic algorithm that combines the three parameters and depicts the complex spatiotemporal patterns of fibrillation. For 9 patients undergoing(More)
Atrial regions hosting dominant frequency (DF) may represent potential drivers of persistent atrial fibrillation (persAF). Previous work showed that DF can exhibit cyclic behaviour. This study aims to better understand the spatiotemporal behaviours of persAF over longer time periods. 10 patients undergoing persAF ablation targeted at DF were included. Left(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Optimal targets for persistent atrial fibrillation (persAF) ablation are still debated. Atrial regions hosting high dominant frequency (HDF) are believed to participate in the initiation and maintenance of persAF and hence are potential targets for ablation, while rotor ablation has shown promising initial results. Currently, no(More)