João Freitas

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Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multiorgan autoimmune disease of unknown etiology with many clinical manifestations. The skin is one of the target organs most variably affected by the disease. The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) established 11 criteria as a classificatory instrument to operationalise the definition of SLE in clinical trials.(More)
Thyroid cancer is uncommon, with an incidence of 10,300 new patients each year and a mortality of 1,100 patients each year. Patient survival correlates with many factors, including tumor pathology, age, primary lesion size, distant metastases, extent of surgery, and radioiodine therapy. Deaths from thyroid cancer may occur many years after diagnosis, and(More)
BACKGROUND There have been conflicting reports in the literature on association of gene copy number with disease, including CCL3L1 and HIV susceptibility, and β-defensins and Crohn's disease. Quantification of precise gene copy numbers is important in order to define any association of gene copy number with disease. At present, real-time quantitative PCR(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a disease of unknown cause that may involve one or many organ or systems. Skin involvement is a major feature in this disease, and a wide variety of skin conditions may be present. Lupus erythematosus panniculitis (LEP) constitutes a rare form of cutaneous lupus characterized by recurrent nodular or plaque lesions that(More)
A total of 150 odontoid fractures was treated over a 12-year period, 43 by anterior screw fixation. The rate of pseudarthrosis dropped from 20% to 5% in type II unstable fractures. Thus, anterior screw fixation seems to be safe and efficient, and may be more widely used to treat all type II and some type III fractures. Odontoid pseudarthrosis is usually(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Clastogenic factors (CFs) are composed of lipid peroxidation products, cytokines and other oxidants with chromosome-damaging properties. They are regularly observed after radiation exposure and in chronic inflammatory diseases, where they are supposed to be risk factors for carcinogenesis. It appeared of interest to investigate their(More)
BACKGROUND About 70 loci are associated with susceptibility to Crohn's disease (CD), particularly in pathways of innate immunity, autophagy, and pathogen recognition. Phenotype-genotype associations are inconsistent. METHODS CD susceptibility polymorphisms ATG16L1 rs2241880, ICAM1 rs5498, IL4 rs2070874, IL17F rs763780, IRGM rs13361189, ITLN1 rs2274910,(More)
PURPOSE It is estimated that approximately 20-30% of patients diagnosed with epilepsy have been misdiagnosed, and neurocardiogenic syncope (NCS) might frequently be the real cause of transient loss of consciousness (TLOC) episodes. We assessed the role of the head-up tilt test (HUTT) in patients previously diagnosed with refractory epilepsy to evaluate the(More)
AIMS To evaluate the oxidative stress parameters before, during and after interferon treatment. PATIENTS/METHODS Twenty patients were treated with interferon a2b 5 MU, three times a week, subcutaneously, for 12 months. Liver biopsy was performed six months before treatment and at the six month follow-up. Chromosomal breakage studies were evaluated by the(More)
UNLABELLED To assess the use of modified PIOPED scintigraphic criteria for lung scan (V/Q) interpretation to detect pulmonary embolism (PE), we prospectively applied these criteria in suspected PE patients referred for V/Q from 9/1/92 to 2/7/94. PIOPED criteria were modified by placing a moderate segmental perfusion mismatch in the intermediate instead of(More)