João Carlos Correia de Sa

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The relative rarity of primary progressive (PP) and transitional progressive (TP) multiple sclerosis has meant that little documentation of cognitive function in such patients is currently available. The aim of this study was to investigate the cognitive skills of patients with PP and TP multiple sclerosis relative to matched healthy controls, and to(More)
Studies suggest that patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) who do not benefit from other disease-modifying treatments (DMTs) may benefit from converting to glatiramer acetate (GA). COPTIMIZE was a 24-month observational study designed to assess the disease course of patients converting to GA 20 mg daily from another DMT. Eligible(More)
As more investigations into factors affecting the quality of life of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) are undertaken, it is becoming increasingly apparent that certain comorbidities and associated symptoms commonly found in these patients differ in incidence, pathophysiology and other factors compared with the general population. Many of these(More)
BACKGROUND Ten percent of patients with MS have a progressive course from onset with no history of relapses or remissions. A smaller subgroup follow a similar progressive course but have a single relapse at some point (transitional progressive [TP] MS). To date these patients have been excluded from receiving licensed treatments for MS and from most(More)
The prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Portugal is still unknown. Recent studies conducted in southern European countries showed higher than expected rates of MS prevalence. In an attempt to evaluate the MS prevalence in Santarém--a district with 62621 inhabitants (1991 census) located in the centre of Portugal--we have conducted a population survey(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Environmental factors are thought to be important in multiple sclerosis (MS) pathophysiology. We aimed to evaluate if there was an association between MS relapses and some climatic factors in a Portuguese population. METHODS Four year retrospective study analyzing 414 MS relapses in 249 consecutive relapsing-remitting patients.(More)
BACKGROUND A debate surrounding multiple sclerosis epidemiology has centred on time-related incidence increases and the need of monitoring. The purpose of this study is to reassess multiple sclerosis incidence in the European Economic Area. METHODS We conducted a systematic review of literature from 1965 onwards and integrated elements of original(More)
BACKGROUND Capture-recapture methods (CRMs) are well established in epidemiologic surveillance and considered useful for the task of correcting for case-finding limitations in multiple sclerosis (MS) prevalence surveys. To date, however, CRMs have been exclusively applied to crude prevalence figures. This study therefore sought to explore an age-specific(More)
In paralytic shellfish poisoning a mollusc contaminated with a toxin (saxitoxin) causes a potentially lethal disease, clinically characterised by gastrointestinal and neurological symptoms, of which possible respiratory depression is the most serious. The toxin acts by blocking the sodium channels. We report 9 Portuguese patients with this disease. The(More)