João Borges Fortes Filho

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AIMS To analyse the incidence and risk factors for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and survival rates among extremely low birth weight (ELBW) and very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants. METHODS A prospective cohort study of 352 infants admitted at a teaching hospital, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil, between October 2002 and December(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies suggest that postnatal weight gain can play an important role in the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). AIM To analyze the low weight gain (WG) from birth to 6 weeks of life to predict the development of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among very low birth weight preterm babies (VLBW). METHODS A(More)
OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the incidence and risk factors for severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in babies <1000 g at Porto Alegre, Brazil. METHODS Prospective cohort study including premature children with birth weight ≤1000 g was conducted. Main outcome was the occurrence of severe ROP needing treatment. RESULTS A total of 157 infants were(More)
Retinopathy of prematurity is one of the main causes of childhood blindness. Worldwide, there are more than 50,000 children blind due to retinopathy of prematurity. Visual impairment is a consequence of retinal detachment. It can be detected by serial ophthalmologic examination of infants at risk, and those identified with the severe form of the disease can(More)
OBJECTIVE To retrospectively validate the WINROP (weight, insulinlike growth factor I, neonatal, retinopathy of prematurity [ROP]) algorithm in a Brazilian population. WINROP aims to predict ROP and is based on longitudinal weight measurements from birth until postmenstrual age 36 weeks. WINROP has predicted 100% of severe ROP in 3 neonatal intensive care(More)
AIMS This study describes the development of a score based on cumulative risk factors for the prediction of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) comparing the performance of the score against the birth weight (BW) and gestational age (GA) in order to predict the onset of ROP. METHODS A prospective cohort of preterm infants with BW≤ 1500 g and/or GA≤ 32(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the influence of maternal preeclampsia on the occurrence of retinopathy of prematurity. STUDY DESIGN A prospective cohort study of 324 preterm neonates with birth weight ≤ 1500 g and gestational age ≤ 32 weeks. Multiple maternal and perinatal factors were analyzed for association and confounding by multiple logistic regression analysis.(More)
OBJECTIVE Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is the leading cause of childhood blindness in most developed countries. This study aimed to verify ROP prevalence among all very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants admitted to a level-3 teaching hospital in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. METHODS Institutional cross-sectional study of 407 premature(More)
Sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (cotrimoxazole) is an antibiotic combination widely used for infections treatment and prophylaxis. These and others sulfonamides have been implicated in a rare syndrome of choroidal effusion with transient myopia and angle-closure glaucoma. Previous cases reported in literature evolved to complete resolution after drug(More)
PURPOSES To describe ocular features, management of cataract and functional outcomes in patients with persistent fetal vasculature. METHODS Retrospective, descriptive case series of patients with persistent fetal vasculature. Data were recorded from the Congenital Cataract Section of Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil from 2001 to 2012. All patients(More)