João Batista Calixto

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This study investigated the involvement of NMDA receptors and the L-arginine-nitric oxide (NO) pathway in the antidepressant-like effects of zinc in the forced swimming test (FST). The immobility times in the FST and in the tail suspension test (TST) were reduced by zinc chloride (ZnCl(2), 30 and 10-30 mg/kg intraperitoneal (i.p.), respectively). The doses(More)
This study characterizes the receptor subtypes and investigates some of the mechanisms by which glutamate, injected intraplantarly ( into the mouse paw, produces nociception and paw oedema. injection of glutamate induced a rapid-onset, dose-related pain response associated with oedema formation, with mean ED(50) values of 2.6 (1.6-4.3) and 0.5(More)
Pro-inflammatory cytokines are implicated in the pathogenesis of depression. However, few animal models of cytokine-induced depression well characterized regarding its response to antidepressants are available. Hence, the aim of this study was to propose a model of depressive-like behavior induced by the administration of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)(More)
The intradermal (i.d.) injection of NK1 receptor antagonists GR 82334 and FK 888 (1-50 pmol/paw), in association with formalin, produced graded inhibition of the early but not the late phase of the formalin test. The NK2, SR 48968 and NK3 SR 142801 receptor antagonists (1-50 pmol/paw) were effective in inhibiting both phases of the formalin model.(More)
Kinins are a family of peptides implicated in several pathophysiological events. Most of their effects are likely mediated by the activation of two G-protein-coupled receptors: B(1) and B(2). Whereas B(2) receptors are constitutive entities, B(1) receptors behave as key inducible molecules that may be upregulated under some special circumstances. In this(More)
1. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of theophylline, cromolyn and salbutamol, three well-known anti-asthmatic drugs, on the early (4 h) and late (48 h) phases of cell migration and fluid leakage induced by carrageenin in the pleural cavity of mice. 2. In the first set of experiments, animals were pretreated (30 min) with different doses of(More)
The necessity of safe and effective treatments for chronic pain has intensified the search for new analgesic drugs. In the last few years, members of a closely-related family of ion channels, called transient receptor potential (TRP) have been identified in different cell types and their functions in physiological and pathological conditions have been(More)
Agmatine produces an antidepressant-like effect when assessed in the forced swimming test (FST) and in the tail suspension test (TST) in mice (dose range 0.01-50 mg/kg, i.p.), without accompanying changes in ambulation in an open-field. I.c.v. injection of agmatine (1-100 nmol/site) also reduced the immobility time in the FST. Agmatine significantly(More)
Members of the transient receptor potential (TRP) family of nonselective cation channels are involved in several pathological and physiological conditions. The search for the molecular targets for naturally occurring substances, especially from plants, allowed the characterization of many TRP channels. In fact, attempts to understand the hot and painful(More)
Increased brain deposition of amyloid beta protein (Abeta) and cognitive deficits are classical signals of Alzheimer's disease (AD) that have been highly associated with inflammatory alterations. The present work was designed to determine the correlation between tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)-related signaling pathways and inducible nitric oxide(More)