João A. C. Fong

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A series of analogues of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) has been investigated for GABA mimetic activity on the isolated guinea-pig ileum, facilitation of [3H]diazepam binding in rat brain membranes and inhibition of [3H]GABA uptake from rat brain cortical slices. The derivatives tested include six racemic amino acids, all of which contain a 'GABA backbone'(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) may protect the heart from ischemia-reperfusion injury (stunning) by stimulating nitric oxide (NO) production. To test this hypothesis, we pretreated coronary-perfused mouse hearts with 1 microg/ml FGF-2 or vehicle control before the onset of ischemia. Intracellular calcium (Ca(i)(2+)) was estimated by aequorin, and NO(More)
—Electronic variable-speed drives (VSDs) can produce large energy and environmental savings in variable-load variable-speed applications when compared with other conventional technologies. There are a very large number of applications (e.g., fluid motion, materials handling, and materials processing) which would benefit, both in terms of process improvement(More)
The final step in acid secretion is believed to result from the H+-K+-ATPase-mediated exchange of H+ in the parietal cell, with K+ in the lumen. To study the K+ secretion we used Picoprazole and insulin separately and together to inhibit gastric secretion stimulated in gastric fistula dogs with histamine (100 micrograms X kg-1 X h-1). Picoprazole, a(More)
To characterize and quantitate pathways of stimulation of gastric secretion via vagal excitation induced by 2-deoxy-D-glucose, we used graded doses of the two muscarinic antagonists, atropine and pirenzepine. Studies were performed in four conscious gastric fistula dogs with antral vagotomy to eliminate the gastrin release component of the vagal response.(More)
In four gastric-fistula dogs, selective antral vagotomy markedly reduced the vagal stimulation of gastrin release, thereby defining both the vagal pathway for stimulation of gastrin and the anatomic source of such gastrin release. Despite loss of gastrin response, vagal excitation by 100 mg/kg 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) produced the same acid and pepsin(More)
2 ISBN xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx This brochure was prepared as a part of the E4 Project ‐ Grant agreement no. EIE/07/111/SI2.466703 ‐ with the support of the European Commission. The sole responsibility for the content of this publication lies with the authors. The views expressed here do not necessarily reflect the views of the Commission. The(More)