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The experimental model of choice for many peripheral nerve investigators is the rat. Walking track analysis is a useful tool in the evaluation of functional peripheral nerve recovery in the rat. This quantitative method of analyzing hind limbs performance by examining footprints, known as the sciatic function index (SFI), has been widely used to quantify(More)
Computerized rat gait analysis has become an invaluable technique of functional evaluation for some peripheral nerve investigators, comparing the normal and the pathological kinematic data. Appropriate selection of the methods to evaluate the functional outcome should be sensitive enough to moderate changes. By combining kinematic data and traditional(More)
The aim of this study was to compare functional peripheral nerve recovery in the rat sciatic nerve model after reconstruction of a 10-mm gap with a biodegradable poly (DLLA-epsilon-CL) nerve guide, as filled with either fresh skeletal muscle or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). During 24 weeks of recovery, motor and sensory functional evaluation was tested(More)
This study compares the efficacy of porcine intestinal submucosa (SIS) patch graft versus SIS-tube graft in esophageal replacement, using a novel esophageal regeneration model. Clinical function, as well as macroscopic and microscopic morphology were evaluated in both SIS-treated groups. We performed semi-circumferential esophageal excision followed by(More)
Adult intestinal allografts have demonstrated high immunogenicity in human transplantation, making the search for new and more favorable grafts an actual problem. Accepting that fetal and newborn immune systems are relatively immature, their intestines could be ideal sources for organ donation. The purpose of this study was to compare the immunogenicity of(More)
Two surgical models of intestinal transplantation in the rat are described. One is the implantation of fetal and newborn intestine as free grafts into the omentum of adult recipients, the other the adult intestine transplantation as an accessory graft using vascular anastomoses. A hundred and sixteen small-bowel transplantations were done; 36 of which were(More)
Porcine small intestinal submucosa (SIS) is a cell-free collagen matrix that has demonstrated its ability as scaffold material for constructive remodeling of damaged or missing tissue. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the morphology and function of esophagoplasty in rat using a porcine SIS scaffold for the repair of a semi-circumferential defect in(More)
One of the factors possibly responsible for leakage at a colo-rectal anastomosis is a deficient blood-supply. The rectal circulation was studied in 30 cadavers by injection of colloidal barium sulfate with colored gelatin into the hypogastric and inferior mesenteric arteries. It was noted that there was uniformity of supply to the wall of the organ; the(More)
Cardosin A is extracted from the pistils of the plant Cynara cardunculus L. and chitosan is a polysaccharide derived from chitin with valuable properties as a biomaterial. In this work we report our experiments on the synthesis of chitosan sponges and immobilisation of cardosin A, by entrapment. We observed that 10-15% of the incorporated cardosin A were(More)