Joâo Carlos Pinho

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Evaluation of masticatory muscle activity by surface electromyography (EMG) is a valuable tool for diagnosing dysfunction of the masticatory apparatus. However, controversy exists with regard to the usefulness of the EMG for patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Forty patients with TMD were subjected to surface EMG of the masticatory muscles.(More)
Hypertrophic olivary degeneration is a rare kind of trans-synaptic degeneration that occurs after lesions of the dentatorubro-olivary pathway. The lesions, commonly unilateral, may result from hemorrhage due to vascular malformation, trauma, surgical intervention or hypertension, tumor, or ischemia. Bilateral cases are extremely rare. This condition is(More)
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) consist of a group of pathologies that affect the masticatory muscles, temporomandibular joints (TMJ), and/or related structures. String instrumentalists, like many orchestra musicians, can spend hours with head postures that may influence the biomechanical behavior of the TMJ and the muscles of the craniocervicomandibular(More)
Velopharyngeal incompetence is a contributing factor to speech disorders and implies the presence of hypernasality, inappropriate nasal escape, and decreased air pressure during speech. One prosthetic treatment is a rehabilitative procedure employing a palatal lift prosthesis (PLP), which reduces hypernasality by approximating the incompetent soft palate to(More)
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