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Ribonucleoprotein complexes (RNP) sedimenting between 10 and 15 S were isolated from the postpolysomal cytoplasmic fraction of embryonic chicken muscle. These RNP complexes lack mRNA but contain RNA with a sedimentation coefficient of 4.4 S. The 4.4 S RNA did not arise as a product of degradation during the course of the isolation procedure nor did it(More)
  • J Wu, J Bag
  • 1998
Translation of the mRNA for the poly(A)-binding protein (PABP) may be autoregulated by the binding of PABP to the A-rich segment of its 5'-untranslated region (UTR). To test this hypothesis, we examined the effect of different fragments of the 5'-UTR from human PABP cDNA on the translation of the beta-galactosidase (beta-Gal) reporter gene. Presence of the(More)
The distribution of mRNA between the detergent-soluble and insoluble (cytoskeleton) fractions in rat L6 myoblast and myotube cells was examined. Approximately 85% of cytoplasmic mRNA in both myoblasts and myotubes was found associated with the cytoskeletal framework. The cytoskeleton-bound mRNA was present as polysomes. In contrast, the mRNA of the(More)
Repression of poly(A)-binding protein (PABP) mRNA translation involves the formation of a heterotrimeric ribonucleoprotein complex by the binding of PABP, insulin-like growth factor II mRNA binding protein-1 (IMP1) and the unr gene encoded polypeptide (UNR) to the adenine-rich autoregulatory sequence (ARS) located at the 5' untranslated region of the(More)
Repression of poly(A)-binding protein (PABP) mRNA translation involves the binding of PABP to the adenine-rich autoregulatory sequence (ARS) in the 5'-untranslated region of its own mRNA. In this report, we show that the ARS forms a complex in vitro with PABP, and two additional polypeptides of 63 and 105 kDa. The 63 and 105 kDa polypeptides were(More)
  • J Bag, J Wu
  • 1996
Poly(A)-binding protein (PABP) is important for translation of eukaryotic mRNA and may be involved in shortening of its poly(A) tract. In many eukaryotic cells, this mRNA is inefficiently translated. The 5' untranslated region (UTR) of PABP mRNA has several adenine-rich regions which may serve as the PABP-binding sites to control its translation by a(More)
Mitogen withdrawal triggers myogenic differentiation in skeletal myoblasts in culture. We have examined the expression of the proto-oncogene c-jun during this process in mouse C2C12 myoblasts. c-jun belongs to a family of immediate early genes whose expression is activated in cultured cells in response to the addition of serum growth factors. Interestingly,(More)
Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is an adult-onset dominant genetic disease caused by the expansion of a GCG trinucleotide repeat that encodes the polyalanine tract at the N-terminus of the nuclear poly(A)-binding protein (PABPN1). Presence of intranuclear inclusions (INIs) containing PABPN1 aggregates in the skeletal muscles is the hallmark of(More)
Nuclear inclusions formed by the aggregation of a polyalanine expansion mutant of the nuclear poly(A)-binding protein (PABPN1) is a hallmark of oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD). OPMD is a dominant autosomal disease in which patients exhibit progressive difficulty of swallowing and eyelid elevation, starting around the age of 50. At present, there(More)
The poly(A)-binding protein (PABP) is an important regulator of mRNA translation and stability. The cellular level of PABP is controlled by regulating its mRNA translation by a feedback mechanism. The important aspect of this mechanism is that PABP binds to an adenosine-rich cis-element at the 5'-untranslated region of its own mRNA and inhibits its(More)