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  • J Bag
  • 1984
Irradiation of chicken muscle cells with ultraviolet light (254 nm) to cross-link RNA and protein moieties was used to examine the polypeptide complements of cytoplasmic mRNA-protein complexes (mRNP). The polypeptides of translationally active mRNP complexes released from polysomes were compared to the repressed nonpolysomal cytoplasmic (free) mRNP(More)
Ribonucleoprotein complexes (RNP) sedimenting between 10 and 15 S were isolated from the postpolysomal cytoplasmic fraction of embryonic chicken muscle. These RNP complexes lack mRNA but contain RNA with a sedimentation coefficient of 4.4 S. The 4.4 S RNA did not arise as a product of degradation during the course of the isolation procedure nor did it(More)
Cytoplasmic nonpolysomal mRNAs have been isolated in the form of 16-40S ribonucleoprotein particles from the postribosomal supernatant of 14-day-old chick embryonic muscles. An 8-20S RNA fraction isolated from these particles directs the synthesis of actin in a wheat germ embryo S-30 system, as judged by copurification of the products with chicken muscle(More)
  • J Wu, J Bag
  • 1998
Translation of the mRNA for the poly(A)-binding protein (PABP) may be autoregulated by the binding of PABP to the A-rich segment of its 5'-untranslated region (UTR). To test this hypothesis, we examined the effect of different fragments of the 5'-UTR from human PABP cDNA on the translation of the beta-galactosidase (beta-Gal) reporter gene. Presence of the(More)
  • J Bag
  • 2001
An adenine-rich cis element at the 5'-untranslated region (UTR) of Pabp1 mRNA is able to inhibit translation of its own mRNA. Similar inhibition of translation of a reporter beta-galactosidase mRNA is observed when the adenine-rich auto regulatory sequence (ARS) is placed within the 5'-UTR of this mRNA. For this translational control the distance of the ARS(More)
The distribution of mRNA between the detergent-soluble and insoluble (cytoskeleton) fractions in rat L6 myoblast and myotube cells was examined. Approximately 85% of cytoplasmic mRNA in both myoblasts and myotubes was found associated with the cytoskeletal framework. The cytoskeleton-bound mRNA was present as polysomes. In contrast, the mRNA of the(More)
Repression of poly(A)-binding protein (PABP) mRNA translation involves the formation of a heterotrimeric ribonucleoprotein complex by the binding of PABP, insulin-like growth factor II mRNA binding protein-1 (IMP1) and the unr gene encoded polypeptide (UNR) to the adenine-rich autoregulatory sequence (ARS) located at the 5' untranslated region of the(More)
Repression of poly(A)-binding protein (PABP) mRNA translation involves the binding of PABP to the adenine-rich autoregulatory sequence (ARS) in the 5'-untranslated region of its own mRNA. In this report, we show that the ARS forms a complex in vitro with PABP, and two additional polypeptides of 63 and 105 kDa. The 63 and 105 kDa polypeptides were(More)
Nuclear inclusions formed by the aggregation of a polyalanine expansion mutant of the nuclear poly(A)-binding protein (PABPN1) is a hallmark of oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD). OPMD is a dominant autosomal disease in which patients exhibit progressive difficulty of swallowing and eyelid elevation, starting around the age of 50. At present, there(More)
Mitogen withdrawal triggers myogenic differentiation in skeletal myoblasts in culture. We have examined the expression of the proto-oncogene c-jun during this process in mouse C2C12 myoblasts. c-jun belongs to a family of immediate early genes whose expression is activated in cultured cells in response to the addition of serum growth factors. Interestingly,(More)