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Studies of gastric emptying in dogs, rats, and man have demonstrated that solutions of various substances empty in a characteristic manner. This topic has been reviewed by Hunt (1963). The rate of emptying of test meals from the stomach is influenced by many factors, including volume (Hunt and Macdonald, 1954), osmotic pressure (Hunt, 1956), titratable(More)
In an effort to understand the genetics of human obesity, we have studied the physiology and molecular genetics of rodent models with monogenetic forms of obesity including the leptin gene-defective (Lep(ob)/Lep(ob)) and leptin receptor gene-defective (Lep(rdb)/Lep(rdb)) mouse. In the experiments reported here, we investigated the effects of heterozygosity(More)
The adenosine agonists 5'-N-ethylcarboxamideadenosine (NECA), 2-chloroadenosine (2-CLA), N6-cyclohexyladenosine (CHA), N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA), 2-(phenylamino)adenosine (CV-1808) and R and S isomers of N6-phenylisopropyladenosine (R-PIA and S-PIA) decreased spontaneous locomotor activity in mice and, except for CPA, did so at doses that did not impair(More)
Administration of B-HT 920 alone produced weak stereotypy in a small percentage (4-8%) of rats. In contrast, after combined administration of idazoxane and B-HT 920, stereotyped behaviors (sniffing and licking) were consistently produced in all rats. The appearance of stereotypy after combined treatment with yohimbine and B-HT 920 was inversely related to(More)
CI-1007 has been described in receptor binding and biochemical tests as a dopamine (DA) partial agonist that exhibits DA autoreceptor agonist effects. The present studies describe the profile of CI-1007 in electrophysiological and behavioral tests. CI-1007 inhibited the firing of substantia nigra DA neurons with intrinsic DA agonist activity that was less(More)
PD 158771 has been described in receptor binding and biochemical tests as a partial agonist at dopamine (DA) D2 and D3 receptors as well as an agonist at serotonin (5-HT)(1A) receptors. The present studies describe the profile of PD 158771 in rodent and primate behavioral tests. PD 158771 reduced spontaneous locomotor activity in mice (ED(50)=0.38 mg/kg,(More)
The purposes of this investigation were to determine the disposition of naltrexone (NTX) in monkeys and assess the role of first-pass metabolism and enterohepatic cycling in the disposition process. Concentrations of naltrexone and three metabolites were determined in plasma and urine as a function of time after po and iv NTX administration in six monkeys.(More)