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A dose-response curve for gamma-radiation-induced neoplastic transformation of HeLa x skin fibroblast human hybrid cells over the dose range 0.1 cGy to 1 Gy is presented. In the experimental protocol used, the spontaneous (background) frequency of neoplastic transformation of sham-irradiated cultures was compared to that of cultures which had been(More)
Effects of radiation on five cytokine expressing human glioblastoma cell lines were studied. In comparison to unirradiated controls, IL-1 beta and IL-6 mRNAs were generally reduced after low (LDR, 1.0 cGy/min) and very low (VLDR, 0.35 cGy/min) dose rate irradiation. In contrast, high (HDR, 200 cGy/min) and intermediate (IDR, 4.1 cGy/min) dose rates(More)
The shape of the dose-response curve for cancer induction by low doses of ionizing radiation is of critical importance to the assessment of cancer risk at such doses. Epidemiologic analyses are limited by sensitivity to doses typically greater than 50-100 mGy for low LET radiation. Laboratory studies allow for the examination of lower doses using(More)
Previous molecular genetic studies on HeLa cell (a cervical cancer cell line) derived non-tumorigenic and tumorigenic hybrids have localized a tumor suppressor gene to the long arm of chromosome 11. Analysis of cervical cancer cell lines using chromosome 11 specific probes showed deletion and translocation of 11q13 sequences in five out of eight cell lines.(More)
Most mammalian cells exhibit transient delays in the G1 and G2 phases of the cell cycle after treatment with radiation or radiomimetic compounds. p53 is required for the arrest in G1, which provides time for DNA repair. Recently, a role of p53 in the G2/M transition has also been suggested. However, it has been reported that the presence of functional p53(More)
The dependence of the incidence of radiation-induced cancer on the dose rate of the radiation exposure is a question of considerable importance to the estimation of risk of cancer induction by low-dose-rate radiation. Currently a dose and dose-rate effectiveness factor (DDREF) is used to convert high-dose-rate risk estimates to low dose rates. In this(More)
Suppression of neoplastic transformation of HeLa x skin fibroblast human hybrid cells in vitro following low doses of low linear energy transfer radiation has been reported previously. The present study represents an exploration of two hypothesized mechanisms that may underlie this observed suppression. These are the up-regulation of reduced glutathione(More)
Neoplastic transformation of HeLa x skin fibroblast human hybrid cells by doses of 1 GeV/nucleon iron ions in the range 1 cGy to 1 Gy to exposed cultures has been examined. The data indicate a threshold-type dose-response curve with no increase in transformation frequency until doses above 20 cGy. At doses <10 cGy, not all exposed cells receive a direct(More)
PURPOSE To examine the dependency of Taxol-radiation interactions on the scheduling of the two agents. METHODS AND MATERIALS The human laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma line SCC20 was used for this study. Cells were irradiated as subconfluent cultures using Cs-137 gamma rays at a dose rate of 1.75 Gy/min. Cultures were pretreated with Taxol (7.5 nM for 12(More)
An adaptive response against spontaneous neoplastic transformation in vitro induced by low-dose gamma radiation has recently been reported using a clone of C3H 10T1/2 cells with a predisposition toward spontaneous transformation (Azzam et al., Radiat. Res. 146, 369-370, 1996). To test the generality of this observation, the HeLa x skin fibroblast human(More)