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Human face recognition technology is a popular research topic in the biometrics identification area. Face detection is the most important pre-processing module of a face recognition system, and it plays an important role in applications such as video surveillance, human computer interface. The purpose of the face detection is to search and orient faces in(More)
High Peak to Average Power Ratio (PAPR) is a central obstacle to MC-CDMA system. Selected Mapping (SLM) is an effective method to reduce PAPR of MC-CDMA signal. In SLM the most direct infection of PAPR is what sequence is used as the phase sequence. A new Pseudo Random Interferometry code is proposed as the phase sequence for SLM to reduce PAPR of MC- CDMA(More)
With a long-term objective toward a quantitative understanding of cell adhesion, we consider an idealized theoretical model of a cluster of molecular bonds between two dissimilar elastic media subjected to an applied tensile load. In this model, the distribution of interfacial traction is assumed to obey classical elastic equations whereas the rupture and(More)
Recently, high-throughput sequencing has improved the understanding of the microbiological etiology of caries, but the characteristics of the microbial community structure in the human oral cavity with and without caries are not completely clear. To better understand these characteristics, Illumina MiSeq high-throughput sequencing was utilized to analyze 20(More)
Focal adhesions are clusters of specific receptor-ligand bonds that link an animal cell to an extracellular matrix. To understand the mechanical responses of focal adhesions, here we develop a stochastic-elasticity model of a periodic array of adhesion clusters between two dissimilar elastic media subjected to an inclined tensile stress, in which stochastic(More)
A mechanics model describing how a cell membrane with diffusive mobile receptors wraps around a ligand-coated cylindrical or spherical particle has been recently developed to model the role of particle size in receptor-mediated endocytosis. The results show that particles in the size range of tens to hundreds of nanometers can enter cells even in the(More)
As an extension of the generalized bead-rod model developed earlier by the authors, this paper proposes a method for Brownian dynamics simulations of charged semiflexible polymers confined to various curved surfaces such as spherical, cylindrical, ellipsoidal and toroidal. We model charged semiflexible polymers as discrete wormlike chains consisting of(More)
Apparent controversies exist on whether the persistence length of microtubules depends on its contour length. This issue is particularly challenging from a theoretical point of view due to the tubular structure and strongly anisotropic material property of microtubules. Here we adopt a higher order continuum orthotropic thin shell model to study the(More)
In this article, we adopt a continuum model from Sun and Wirtz (2006. Biophys. J. 90:L10-L12) to show that, for the enveloped virus entry into host cells, the binding energy of the receptor-ligand complex can drive the engulfment of the viral particle to overcome the resistance alternatively dominated by the membrane deformation and cytoskeleton deformation(More)