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How environmental cues regulate adult stem cell and cancer cell activity through surface receptors is poorly understood. Angiopoietin-like proteins (ANGPTLs), a family of seven secreted glycoproteins, are known to support the activity of haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in vitro and in vivo. ANGPTLs also have important roles in lipid metabolism,(More)
China Train Control System level 3 (CTCS-3) transmits bi-directional track-train data via Global System Mobile for Railway (GSM-R) network, and GSM-R network should provide secure wireless environment to ensure train operation safety. GSM-R network handoff will cause a brief interruption of communication. If a train control message is on transmission during(More)
The APETALA1/FRUITFUL (AP1/FUL) family genes encode MADS-box transcription factors, which are broadly involved in many aspects of floral development in higher plants. Gene duplication in the core eudicots has produced the euAP1 and euFUL clades. It remains unclear how the functional divergence of this gene family occurred. Camellia japonica is a famous(More)
The transition from vegetative to reproductive growth in woody perennials involves pathways controlling flowering timing, bud dormancy and outgrowth in responses to seasonal cues. However little is known about the mechanism governing the adaptation of signaling pathways to environmental conditions in trees. Camellia azalea is a rare species in this genus(More)
Double flower domestication is of great value in ornamental plants and presents an excellent system to study the mechanism of morphological alterations by human selection. The classic ABC model provides a genetic framework underlying the control of floral organ identity and organogenesis from which key regulators have been identified and evaluated in many(More)
Biomarkers released from the heart at early stage of ischemia are very important to diagnosis of ischemic heart disease and salvage myocytes from death. Known specific markers for blood tests including CK-MB, cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) are released after the onset of significant necrosis instead of early ischemia. Thus, they are(More)
In plants, miRNAs are endogenous small RNAs derived from single-stranded precursors with hairpin structures. The evolution of miRNAs and their targets represents one of the most dynamic circuits directing gene expression, which may play fundamental roles in shaping the development of distinct plant organs. Here we performed high-throughput small RNA(More)
Soluble leptin receptor (sLepR) is the main leptin-binding protein in plasma and contributes to activation of circulating leptin. In this study, we identified a sLepR in plasma of crucian carp (Carassius carassius) using a pull-down assay, and the interaction of sLepR with its ligand is confirmed by a cross-linking study. In addition, we found that leptin-a(More)
Double flowers in cultivated camellias are divergent in floral patterns which present a rich resource for demonstrating molecular modifications influenced by the human demands. Despite the key principle of ABCE model in whorl specification, the underlying mechanism of fine-tuning double flower formation remains largely unclear. Here a comprehensive(More)
Jatropha curcas L. is an excellent biofuel crop, which displays a high efficiency of carbon absorption, and seed oil of Jatropha can be efficiently processed to produce high-quality biodiesel. Plant phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylases (PEPCs) play important roles not only in initial fixation of atmospheric CO2 in C4 and Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM)(More)