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Legumes establish mutualistic associations with mycorrhizal fungi and with nitrogen-fixing rhizobial bacteria. These interactions occur following plant recognition of Nod factor from rhizobial bacteria and Myc factor from mycorrhizal fungi. A common symbiosis signaling pathway is involved in the recognition of both Nod factor and Myc factor and is required(More)
Human health relies on the composition of microbiota in an individual's gut and the synthesized metabolites that may alter the gut environment. Gut microbiota and faecal metabolites are involved in several gastrointestinal diseases. In this study, 16S rRNA-specific denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and quantitative PCR analysis showed that the mean(More)
The symbiotic association of legumes with rhizobia involves bacterially derived Nod factor, which is sufficient to activate the formation of nodules on the roots of the host plant. Perception of Nod factor by root hair cells induces calcium oscillations that are a component of the Nod factor signal transduction pathway. Perception of the calcium(More)
Nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) is a key transcription factor that plays a central role in cellular defense against oxidative and electrophilic insults by timely induction of antioxidative and phase-2 detoxifying enzymes and related stress-response proteins. The 5'-flanking regions of genes encoding these cytoprotective proteins contain a(More)
A number of chemokines induce angiogenesis and endothelial cells express several chemokine receptors. To date, only a limited number of CC chemokines for CCR1 have been reported to induce angiogenic responses. We investigated the ability of CCL23 (also known as MPIF-1, MIP-3, or CKbeta8) to promote angiogenesis, which induces chemotaxis of immune cells(More)
Oncogene-mediated premature senescence has emerged as a potential tumor-suppressive mechanism in early cancer transitions. Previous work shows that RAS and p38 MAPK participate in premature senescence, but transcriptional effectors have not been identified. Here, we demonstrate that the HBP1 transcriptional repressor participates in RAS- and p38(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Dna2 possesses both helicase and endonuclease activities. Its endonuclease activity is essential and well suited to remove RNA-DNA primers of Okazaki fragments. In contrast, its helicase activity, although required for optimal growth, is not essential when the rate of cell growth is reduced. These findings suggest that DNA unwinding(More)
Cadmium is a well-known carcinogenic and immunotoxic metal commonly found in cigarette smoke and industrial effluent. An altered intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) level has been implicated in the pathophysiology of immune dysfunction. The present study was designed to determine the possible involvement of calcium (Ca(2+)) and mitogen-activated protein(More)
Melanoma is an aggressive form of skin cancer due to its rapid metastasis. Recently, several studies have reported that selenium can prevent metastasis of melanoma cells, but the mechanism of this anti-metastatic ability is not fully understood. In this study, we investigated the effect of selenium on cell migration in melanoma and on tumor metastasis in(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are thought to have a critical role in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced immune responses but the molecular mechanisms underlying the mediation of these signaling are not clear. The roles of p38 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in the regulation of nitric oxide (NO) and proinflammatory cytokine(More)