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para-Aminosalicylic acid (PAS) is one of the antimycobacterial drugs currently used for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. Although it has been in clinical use for over 60 years, its mechanism(s) of action remains elusive. Here we report that PAS is a prodrug targeting dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) through an unusual and novel mechanism of action. We(More)
New therapeutic strategies are needed to combat the tuberculosis pandemic and the spread of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) forms of the disease, which remain a serious public health challenge worldwide. The most urgent clinical need is to discover potent agents capable of reducing the duration of MDR and XDR tuberculosis(More)
Drugs currently available for leishmaniasis treatment often show parasite resistance, highly toxic side effects and prohibitive costs commonly incompatible with patients from the tropical endemic countries. In this sense, there is an urgent need for new drugs as a treatment solution for this neglected disease. Here we show the development and implementation(More)
A critical unmet clinical need to combat the global tuberculosis epidemic is the development of potent agents capable of reducing the time of multi-drug-resistant (MDR) and extensively-drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis therapy. In this paper, we report on the optimization of imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine amide (IPA) lead compound 1, which led to the design and(More)
We describe a novel 7-aminopyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine (7-APP) derivative as a potent hepatitis C virus (HCV) inhibitor. A series of 7-APPs was synthesized and evaluated for inhibitory activity against HCV in different cell culture systems. The synthesis and preliminary structure-activity relationship study of 7-APP are reported.
3,4-Dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones (DHPMs) were selected and derivatized through a HIV-1 replication assay based on GFP reporter cells. Compounds 14, 25, 31, and 36 exhibited significant inhibition of HIV-1 replication with a good safety profile. Chiral separation of each enantiomer by fractional crystallization showed that only the S enantiomer retained(More)
Following the previous SAR of a novel dihydropyrimidinone scaffold as HIV-1 replication inhibitors a detailed study directed towards optimizing the metabolic stability of the ester functional group in the dihydropyrimidinone (DHPM) scaffold is described. Replacement of the ester moiety by thiazole ring significantly improved the metabolic stability while(More)
We identified a novel class of aryl-substituted triazine compounds as potent non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) during a high-throughput screening campaign that evaluated more than 200000 compounds for antihuman immunodeficiency virus (HIV) activity using a cell-based full replication assay. Herein, we disclose the optimization of the(More)
We identified a novel class of 2-((phenylsulfonyl)methyl)-thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidine compounds as potent HIV-1 replication inhibitors serendipitously during the process of evaluation of triazolothienopyrimidine (TTPM) compounds. Herein, we report synthesis and biological evaluation of 2-((phenylsulfonyl)methyl)-thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidine compounds using a(More)
The feasibility and relevance of screening a library of raw actinomycete extracts (ECUM library) for the identification of antituberculosis activities was assessed on 11,088 extracts using a multiple-screening approach. Each extract was first tested at two concentrations against noninfected macrophages as a control, then against Mycobacterium tuberculosis(More)