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Advanced glycation end product (AGE) subtypes, proteins or lipids that become glycated after exposure to sugars, induce complications in diabetes. Among the various AGE subtypes, glyceraldehyde-derived AGE (AGE-2) and glycolaldehyde-derived AGE (AGE-3) have been indicated to play roles in inflammation in diabetic patients. The engagement of AGEs and(More)
Collaborative filtering (CF) is a successful approach for building online recommender systems. The fundamental process of the CF approach is to predict how a user would like to rate a given item based on the ratings of some nearest-neighbor users (user-based CF) or nearest-neighbor items (item-based CF). In the user-based CF approach, for example, the(More)
This paper describes the new framework of context-dependent (CD) Initial/Final (IF) acoustic modeling using the decision tree based state tying for continuous Chinese speech recognition. The Extended Initial/Final (XIF) set is chosen as the basic speech recognition unit (SRU) set according to the Chinese language characteristics, which outperforms the(More)
An accurate model of the user's preferences is a crucial element of most decision support systems. It is often assumed that users have a well-defined and stable set of preferences that can be elicited through a set of questions. However, recent research has shown that people very often construct their preferences on the fly depending on the available(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE High mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) exhibits inflammatory cytokine-like activity in the extracellular space. We previously demonstrated that intravenous injection of anti-HMGB1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) remarkably ameliorated brain infarction induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats. In the present study, we focused on the(More)
We have previously shown that increases in blood-brain barrier permeability represent an important component of ischemia-reperfusion related brain injury in the fetus. Pro-inflammatory cytokines could contribute to these abnormalities in blood-brain barrier function. We have generated pharmacological quantities of mouse anti-ovine interleukin-1β monoclonal(More)
The up-regulation of adhesion molecule expressions on monocytes enhances cell-to-cell interactions with T cells, leading to cytokine production. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are modifications of proteins/lipids that become nonenzymatically glycated after contact with aldose sugars. Among various subtypes of AGEs, glyceraldehyde-derived AGE (AGE-2)(More)
The application of nanoparticles in the biomedical field is an exciting interdisciplinary research area in current materials science. In the present study, size-tunable and water-soluble noble metal silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) have been successfully synthesized with the assistance of glutathione (GSH). The as-synthesized Ag NPs are ready to bind(More)
Cell-to-cell interaction through binding of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and CD40 on monocytes to their ligands on T-cells plays crucial roles in cytokine production. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) subtypes induce complications in diabetes. In a previous study, we found that glyceraldehyde-derived AGE (AGE-2) and glycolaldehyde-derived(More)
Interaction between the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and its ligands has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory disorders. In this study, we establish an in vitro binding assay in which recombinant human high-mobility group box 1 (rhHMGB1) or recombinant human S100A12 (rhS100A12) immobilized on the microplate(More)