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PURPOSE The objective of this study is to analyze the clinical outcomes and anorectal manometry (AM) in infants with congenital high anorectal malformations treated with posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) and laparoscopically assisted anorectal pull through (LAARP). MATERIALS AND METHODS From August 2005 to December 2008, 23 patients with(More)
Recent studies show that NK cells play important roles in murine biliary atresia (BA), and a temporary immunological gap exists in this disease. In this study, we found high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) and TLRs were overexpressed in human and rotavirus-induced murine BA. The overexpressed HMGB1 released from the nuclei of rotavirus-infected cholangiocytes,(More)
Selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) were prepared by using gum arabic (GA) as the stabilizer in a facile synthetic approach. The size, morphology, stability and antioxidant activity in vitro of the gum arabic-selenium nanocomposites (GA-SeNPs) were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), Fourier-transform infrared(More)
BackgroundNeonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is associated with alterations of the enteric nervous system (ENS), with loss of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)-expressing neurons in the intestine. The aim of this study was to investigate the roles of heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) in neural stem cell (NSC) differentiation, nNOS(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously demonstrated that heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) administration protects the intestines from ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in vivo. We have also shown that HB-EGF promotes mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) proliferation and migration in vitro. The goals of the current study were to examine the effects of HB-EGF(More)
Intestinal dysmotility following human necrotizing enterocolitis suggests that the enteric nervous system is injured during the disease. We examined human intestinal specimens to characterize the enteric nervous system injury that occurs in necrotizing enterocolitis, and then used an animal model of experimental necrotizing enterocolitis to determine(More)
Biliary atresia is a common disease in neonates which causes obstructive jaundice and progressive hepatic fibrosis. Our previous studies indicate that rotavirus infection is an initiator in the pathogenesis of experimental biliary atresia (BA) through the induction of increased nuclear factor-kappaB and abnormal activation of the osteopontin inflammation(More)
Interferon (IFN)-γ-driven and CD8+ T cell-dependent inflammatory injury to extrahepatic biliary epithelium (EHBE) is likely to be involved in the development of biliary atresia (BA). We previously showed that viral protein NSP4 is the pathogenic immunogen that causes biliary injury in BA. In this study, NSP4 or four synthetic NSP4 (NSP4(157-170),(More)
Throughout the past 20 years, we have been investigating the potential therapeutic roles of heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF), a member of the epidermal growth factor family, in various models of intestinal injury including necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, and hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously demonstrated that heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like growth factor (HB-EGF) protects the intestines from injury in several different experimental animal models. In the current study, we investigated whether the ability of HB-EGF to protect the intestines from ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury was related to its(More)