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Clonal selection and transcriptional reprogramming (e.g., epithelial-mesenchymal transition or phenotype switching) are the predominant theories thought to underlie tumor progression. However, a "division of labor" leading to cooperation among tumor-cell subpopulations could be an additional catalyst of progression. Using a zebrafish-melanoma xenograft(More)
PURPOSE Vemurafenib is a potent inhibitor of V600 mutant BRAF with significant impact on progression-free and overall survival in advanced melanoma. Cutaneous side effects are frequent. This single-center observational study investigates clinical and histological features of these class-specific cutaneous adverse reactions. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients(More)
Microarray analysis is a promising new approach for creating specific expression profiles of multiple genes simultaneously. We quantitatively analyzed differential gene expression patterns in mycosis fungoides-derived clonal T cells and autologous, identically cultured CD4+ lymphocytes using microarrays containing 588 cDNA segments from genes relevant to(More)
Depending on the location, dermatoses can produce blemishes that severely impair quality of life and require highly effective treatment that is otherwise used for extensive skin involvement. We report the case of a 39-year-old, otherwise healthy male disfigured by an 8 × 7-cm hypopigmented and centrally atrophic annular plaque with erythematous indurated(More)
Survival of lymphocytes and melanocyte stem cells critically depends on B cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2). In T lymphocytes, a basal calcineurin activity maintains Bcl-2 expression in naïve cells, and the activation of the calcineurin pathway orchestrates the regulation of the intrinsic apoptosis pathway after antigen recognition. Therefore, calcineurin inhibitors(More)
BACKGROUND Botryomycosis is a rare infectious disease which usually affects the skin. The low virulence of the bacteria tending to form grains and the immune status of the host are important factors in the development of the disease. METHODS We report a case of cervicofacial botryomycosis and review the current literature. RESULTS A 47-year-old male(More)
BACKGROUND Lichen planus is a common skin disorder of unknown etiology. Most cases are idiopathic, but substances such as gold, antimalarials, penicillamine, thiazide diuretics, β-blockers, arsenic and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have been implicated as trigger factors. CASE PRESENTATION We report the case of a lichenoid eruption in a male drug(More)
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