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Clonal selection and transcriptional reprogramming (e.g., epithelial-mesenchymal transition or phenotype switching) are the predominant theories thought to underlie tumor progression. However, a "division of labor" leading to cooperation among tumor-cell subpopulations could be an additional catalyst of progression. Using a zebrafish-melanoma xenograft(More)
CD4+CD56+ hematodermic neoplasms (HNs) with initial presentation in the skin are characterized by highly aggressive behavior and poor prognosis. Recent studies indicate that malignant cells, which are devoid of common T-, B-, NK-, and myeloid lineage markers, may be of plasmacytoid dendritic cell (pDC) origin. We undertook a study to assess the expression(More)
Deregulated Ras signalling is implicated in most human neoplasia, exemplified by melanoma. Whereas Raf activation occurs almost ubiquitously in benign and malignant melanocytic neoplasms, implying an involvement in tumour initiation, phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) activation occurs predominantly in malignant neoplasms, implying an involvement in malignant(More)
BACKGROUND This randomized phase III trial was designed to demonstrate the superiority of autologous peptide-loaded dendritic cell (DC) vaccination over standard dacarbazine (DTIC) chemotherapy in stage IV melanoma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS DTIC 850 mg/m2 intravenously was applied in 4-week intervals. DC vaccines loaded with MHC class I and(More)
BACKGROUND Pemphigus is a disease showing an uneven geographical distribution. In Bulgaria pemphigus has always represented a substantial part of diagnosed bullous diseases, but previous epidemiological data are incomplete. Our purpose was to evaluate retrospectively the incidence and prevalence of pemphigus in the district of Sofia (the capital of(More)
Interleukin-7 (IL-7) and IL-15 have been recently identified as growth factors for cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) cells, and they protect these cells from cell death. Using the CTCL cell line SeAx as a test system now shows that IL-7 and IL-15 are indeed necessary to maintain high levels of bcl-2. The up-regulation of bcl-2 was paralleled by increased(More)
On testing cutaneous T cell lymphoma cell lines and skin lesions, we found that the transcription factors STAT2, STAT3, STAT5, and STAT6 (STAT, signal transducer and activator of transcription) were present in the nuclei of these cells and that the binding to their specific DNA binding sites was stimulated by interleukin-7 and interleukin-15. DNA binding(More)
Immune evasion in lung cancer results from both structural and functional alterations of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I molecules and the local release of immunosuppressive cytokines. Recent data suggest that HLA-G, a nonclassical class Ib molecule, is involved in immune evasion by tumor cells. We sought to determine whether HLA-G could contribute to(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical and prognostic features in primary cutaneous CD8+ T-cell lymphomas, which are rare and considered to be aggressive cutaneous lymphoproliferative disorders. DESIGN Single-center retrospective study. SETTING Lymphoma clinic (referral center) of a university hospital. PATIENTS Three patients presented with CD8+(More)