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Tubulin polymerization into microtubules is a dynamic process, with the equilibrium between growth and shrinkage being essential for many cellular processes. The antineoplastic agent taxol hyperstabilizes polymerized microtubules, leading to mitotic arrest and cytotoxicity in proliferating cells. Using a sensitive filtration-calorimetric assay to detect(More)
Rad is the prototypic member of a family of novel Ras-related GTPases that is normally expressed in heart, skeletal muscle, and lung and that has been shown to exhibit a novel form of bi-directional interaction with the nm23 metastasis suppressor. In the present study, we have investigated the expression of Rad in normal and neoplastic breast tissues by(More)
The blockade of Akt activation through the inhibition of 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 (PDK-1) represents a major signaling mechanism whereby celecoxib mediates apoptosis. Celecoxib, however, is a weak PDK-1 inhibitor (IC(50), 48 microM), requiring at least 30 microM to exhibit discernable effects on the growth of tumor cells in vitro. Here, we(More)
BACKGROUND The cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor celecoxib is thought to act as a chemopreventive agent by sensitizing cancer cells to apoptotic signals. Other COX-2 inhibitors, such as rofecoxib, are two orders of magnitude less potent than celecoxib at inducing apoptosis. The molecular structures of celecoxib and rofecoxib were used as starting points to(More)
INTRODUCTION Phosphorylated Akt (P-Akt) is an attractive molecular target because it contributes to the development of breast cancer and confers resistance to conventional therapies. Akt also serves as a signalling intermediate for receptors such as human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)-2, which is overexpressed in 30% of breast cancers; therefore,(More)
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