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 Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily expressed exclusively in central nervous system (CNS) myelin. While the function of MOG is unknown, a number of studies have shown that immune responses to MOG contribute to the autoimmune-mediated demyelination seen in animals immunized with whole CNS tissue. This(More)
Ulcerative colitis (UC), an idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease, not only affects millions of patients worldwide, but also increases the risk of colon cancer. Geniposide is an iridoid glycoside and has many biological activities such as anti-inflammatory and antioxidant. However, its protective efficacy and mechanism of action against UC are still(More)
Zanthoxylum bungeanum, which belongs to the Zanthoxylum genus of the Rutaceae family, is now wildly distributed in most parts of China and some Southeast Asian countries. The pericarp of Zanthoxylum bungeanum has been known to exhibit antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and other important therapeutic activities. The purpose of this study was to investigate(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the protective effects and mechanisms of the essential oil of Zanthoxylum bungeanum pericarp (ZBEO) on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced experimental colitis in mice. ZBEO decreased DSS-induced body weight loss, the disease activity index, colon length shortening, colonic pathological damage, and(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the protective effects of Terpinen-4-ol (TER) on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced experimental colitis and clarify the possible mechanisms. In vivo, an acute colitis model was used to confirm the anti-inflammatory activity and the possible mechanisms of TER in C57BL/6 and NLRP3-/- mice. In vitro, we performed(More)
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