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OBJECTIVES Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) may increase the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). We evaluated the role of oral anti-hyperglycemic agents (OAA) in any diabetes-PD linkage. METHODS From the Taiwan National Health Insurance database on 01-01-2000, a representative cohort of 800,000 was obtained between 1996-01-01 and 2007-12-31. Those ≥ 20 years were(More)
Amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) accumulation in senile plaques, a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD), has been implicated in neuronal degeneration. We have recently demonstrated that Abeta induced oligodendrocyte (OLG) apoptosis, suggesting a role in white matter pathology in AD. Here, we explore the molecular mechanisms involved in(More)
myloid-␤ peptide (A ␤) accumulation in senile plaques, a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD), has been implicated in neuronal degen-eration. We have recently demonstrated that A ␤ induced oligodendrocyte (OLG) apoptosis, suggesting a role in white matter pathology in AD. Here, we explore the molecular mechanisms involved in A ␤-induced OLG(More)
The number of old adults with cognitive impairment or dementia is anticipated to increase rapidly due to the aging population, especially the number of patients with multiple chronic conditions or metabolic perturbation. Metabolic syndrome (Mets) is among the most hazardous risk factors for cardiovascular disease and is linked to a chronic inflammatory(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the risk of developing Parkinson disease (PD). PATIENTS AND METHODS This retrospective cohort study was conducted from January 1, 1998, through December 31, 2010, using data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. We identified 33,221 patients with newly(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The *2 allele of the aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 gene (ALDH2) is the most common variant in Asian populations. The variant resulting in enzyme dysfunction was highly related to coronary artery disease. Recently, genome-wide association studies also discovered that the 12q24 locus near ALDH2 gene was associated with hypertension and(More)
PURPOSE Epidemiologic evidence demonstrates that heavy drinking increases the risk of stroke. However, whether recent heavy drinking affects the incidence of acute stroke in nonalcoholic individuals with the variant allele ALDH2*2 has not been reported. CASE REPORT Two previously nonalcoholic healthy men suffered from acute ischemic stroke after a single(More)
A 26-year-old patient developed ascending weakness and paresthesias. Megaloblastic anemia and mildly reduced serum vitamin B12 (B12) concentration were noted. Myoclonus-like muscular contractions appeared over four extremities and in the trunk. She admitted inhaling nitrous oxide (N2O) as a euphoriant repeatedly at party. Following parenteral B12(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological evidence suggests that heavy alcohol consumption increases the risk for either stroke or liver disease. The goal of this study was to determine whether heavy drinkers with mild liver disorder (MLD) are at risk of hemorrhagic stroke. METHODS All of the 524 patients recruited were males with a first-ever acute stroke and were(More)
Hereditary protein C deficiency is inherited primarily as an autosomal dominant trait with incomplete penetrance. Arterial thrombosis, especially of the intracranial arteries, due to this deficiency is relatively rare. A 31-year-old man was admitted to our department because of sudden onset of neurological symptoms. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain(More)