Jiunn-Jye Chuu

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Methylmercury (MeHg) is an environmental toxicant, while mercuric sulfide (HgS) is a main active component of cinnabar, a Chinese mineral medicine used as a sedative. Because the neurotoxicological effects of HgS were not clearly understood, in this study, we attempted to compare HgS with MeHg in various physiological responses in Sprague-Dawley rats. After(More)
Cinnabar, a naturally occurring mercuric sulfide (HgS), has been combined with Chinese herbal medicine as a sedative for more than 2000 years. To date, its neurotoxic effect on the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) system has not been reported. By means of a caloric test coupled with electronystagmographic recordings, the effect of commercial HgS and cinnabar(More)
Diabetes mellitus is the most common chronic disease in the world, and a wide range of drugs, including Chinese herbs, have been evaluated for the treatment of associated metabolic disorders. This study investigated the potential hypoglycemic and renoprotective effects of an extract from the solid-state fermented mycelium of Cordyceps sinensis (CS). We(More)
Accumulating evidence implicates that subchronic arsenic exposure causes cerebral neurodegeneration leading to behavioral disturbances relevant to psychiatric disorders. However, there is still little information regarding the influence of subchronic exposure to arsenic-contaminated drinking water on mood disorders and its underlying mechanisms in the(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND Xiao-Yao-San (XYS) is a Chinese medicinal formula for treating anxiety and depression. This study aims to evaluate the use of a room-temperature super-extraction system (RTSES) to extract the major active components of XYS and enhance their psycho-pharmacological effects. METHODS The neuroprotective roles of XYS/RTSES against(More)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is currently ranked among leading causes of death worldwide in which type 2 DM is reaching an epidemic proportion. Hypoglycemic medications for type 2 DM have either proven inadequate or posed adverse effects; therefore, the Chinese herbal products are under investigation as an alternative treatment. In this study, a novel combination(More)
Potassium bromate (KBrO3) is known to be an oxidizing agent that is used not only as a food additive, mainly in the bread-making process, but also as a neutralizer in thioglycolate containing hair curling set. Although it has been shown that bromate poisoning could cause severe and irreversible sensorineural hearing loss as well as renal failure, the action(More)
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease in diabetes mellitus. Oxidative stress, insulin resistance and pro-inflammatory cytokines have been shown to play an important role in pathogeneses of renal damage on type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Inonotus obliquus (IO) is a white rot fungus that belongs to the family(More)
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