Jiun-Tsai Lin

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Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a major energy sensor that maintains cellular energy homeostasis. Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by the expansion of CAG repeats in the huntingtin (Htt) gene. In this paper, we report that activation of the α1 isoform of AMPK (AMPK-α1) occurred in striatal neurons(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disease caused by the expansion of a CAG repeat in the Huntingtin (HTT) gene. Abnormal regulation of the cyclic AMP (cAMP)/protein kinase A (PKA) pathway occurs during HD progression. Here we found that lower PKA activity was associated with proteasome impairment in the striatum for two HD mouse models (R6/2(More)
3'-5'-Cyclic AMP (cAMP) is an important second messenger which regulates neurite outgrowth. We demonstrate here that type VI adenylyl cyclase (AC6), an enzyme which catalyzes cAMP synthesis, regulates neurite outgrowth by direct interaction with a binding protein (Snapin) of Snap25 at the N terminus of AC6 (AC6-N). We first showed that AC6 expression(More)
Adenosine 3',5'-cyclic mononucleotide (cAMP) is one of the most important second messengers which govern cellular signal transductions. Adenylyl cyclases (ACs), which are cAMP-synthesizing enzymes, are responsible for cAMP production during extracellular stimulation or intracellular metabolic alteration. In mammals, 9 transmembrane ACs and 1 soluble AC have(More)
BACKGROUND Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disease caused by a CAG trinucleotide expansion in the Huntingtin (Htt) gene. The expanded CAG repeats are translated into polyglutamine (polyQ), causing aberrant functions as well as aggregate formation of mutant Htt. Effective treatments for HD are yet to be developed. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL(More)
Adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) plays a central role in energy homeostasis and regulation of inflammatory responses. The present study is aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of ENERGI-F704, a nucleobase analogue isolated from bamboo leaves, on expression of proinflammatory mediators in murine macrophage RAW264.7(More)
In this study, ethanol extracts from 2-day fermented black soybean milk (FBE) by immobilized Rhizopus oligosporus NTU5 have been evaluated for both antioxidant and cytotoxic activities. The results reveal that a 2-day FBE had strong 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging effect (76 %). The extracts were further fractionated by silica gel column(More)
Adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a key regulator of cellular energy homeostasis via modulating metabolism of glucose, lipid, and protein. In addition to energy modulation, AMPK has been demonstrated to associate with several important cellular events including inflammation. The results showed that ENERGI-F704 identified from(More)
The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling system plays a key role in cellular stress by repressing the inflammatory responses induced by the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) system. Previous studies suggest that the anti-inflammatory role of AMPK involves activation by adenine, but the mechanism that allows adenine to produce these effects has not yet(More)
The tumoricidal activity of a bioactive metabolite produced by submerged culture in a 2.1-L airlift fermentor of Grifola frondosa NTUS was investigated. After 14 days of cultivation, ethyl acetate extracts from the supernatant of culture broth (EES) were analyzed by cell viability assay. The IC50 of EES for cytotoxicity against human carcinoma cells (Hep(More)