Jittrakul Leartsakulpanitch

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OBJECTIVE To estimate the direct out-of-pocket medical costs of treating major diseases attributable to smoking in Thailand in 2006. MATERIAL AND METHOD A prevalence-based, disease-specific, approach was used to estimate the direct medical costs of treating lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and coronary heart disease (CHD)(More)
OBJECTIVES Lung cancer has been the most common cancer since 1985, accounting for 12-13 percent of cancer cases worldwide. Newer targeted therapies with potential increased survival benefits may not be affordable to patients. Many countries use arbitrary thresholds to determine whether a medical intervention is cost-effective. As such, many effective,(More)
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