Jitka Pikhartova

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In 1985 and 1988 as part of the WHO's MONICA project two surveys of cardiovascular risk factors were conducted in the population aged 25 to 64 years and resident in the six districts of the Czech Republic collaborating in MONICA. Over a period of three years, the prevalence of smoking decreased from 46% to 41.8% (p less than 0.05) in men. Daily cigarette(More)
BACKGROUND Pet ownership is thought to make a positive contribution to health, health behaviours and the general well-being of older people. More specifically pet ownership is often proposed as a solution to the problem of loneliness in later life and specific 'pet based' interventions have been developed to combat loneliness. However the evidence to(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of the investigation was to evaluate the ten-year development of the cardiovascular mortality rate in two population groups in the age bracket from 25 to 64 years, i.e. in subjects living in six districts which participated in the international WHO project MONICA and in the population of the whole Czech Republic. METHODS AND(More)
Previous research shows only limited evidence on the contextual (neighbourhood-based) socioeconomic influences on mental health and depression. We investigated the association between individual and neighbourhood socioeconomic characteristics and depressive symptoms in the Czech Republic. Dichotomized CESD score of depressive symptoms was used as the(More)
BACKGROUND Socioeconomic circumstances in childhood and early adulthood may influence the later onset of chronic disease, although such research is limited for type 2 diabetes and its risk factors at the different stages of life. The main aim of the present study is to examine the role of childhood social position and later inflammatory markers and health(More)
OBJECTIVES There are many stereotypes about ageing and later life. We looked at the association between expectations and stereotyping of loneliness in old age and actual self-reported loneliness status 8 years later in English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). METHOD Data from 4465 ELSA core members aged over 50 who responded to Waves 2 (2004) did not(More)
There are probably several causes why steady decrease of tuberculosis incidence stopped. The aim of our work was to investigate a possible relation of tuberculosis incidence in smaller administrative areas with several social and economic characteristics. The individual data were taken from the Information System of Bacillary Tuberculosis, based on(More)
The authors investigated the development of body weight of the population from six districts in the Czech Republic participating in the international WHO project MONICA. The examinations were made within the framework of epidemiological studies of risk factors of IHD in 1985 and 1988 in 1% independent population samples (range 25-64 years). The mean values(More)
Population surveys of the major cardiovascular risk factors were conducted in six districts of the Czech Republic in 1988 and 1992 as part of the WHO MONICA Project. One-percent independent random samples of the population aged 25-64 years were examined and investigated; in 1988, the survey included 1357 men and 1412 women (response rates of 85.5% and(More)
A study of cardiovascular risk factors including anthropometry was performed as part of the MONICA project in 1988 in the population of six districts of the Czech Republic. In addition to probands' weight and height, the circumferences of waist and hips were measured to calculate the index of body fat distribution given as WHR (wast/hip ratio). In the age(More)