Jitka Kalmusová

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Population and evolutionary analyses of pathogenic bacteria are frequently hindered by sampling strategies that concentrate on isolates from patients with invasive disease. This is especially so for the gram-negative diplococcus Neisseria meningitidis, a cause of septicemia and meningitis worldwide. Meningococcal isolate collections almost exclusively(More)
Twenty clinical samples (18 cerebrospinal fluid samples and 2 articular fluid samples) were sent to 11 meningococcus reference centers located in 11 different countries. Ten of these laboratories are participating in the EU-MenNet program (a European Union-funded program) and are members of the European Monitoring Group on Meningococci. The remaining(More)
The distribution of serogroups and multilocus sequence types (STs) in collections of disease-associated and carried meningococci from the period 1991 to 2000 in three European countries (the Czech Republic, Greece, and Norway) was investigated. A total of 314 patient isolates and 353 isolates from asymptomatic carriers were characterized. The frequency(More)
Meningococcal clone ET-15/37, which appeared as a new one in the Czech Republic in 1993, caused an emergency epidemiological and clinical situation in invasive meningococcal disease, characterized by a high fatality rate (20%) compared to the "normal" fatality rate due to "non ET-15/37" strains. Morbidity rate increased since the first year of the new clone(More)
The study objective is to present results of clonal analysis of Neisseria meningitidis isolates from invasive meningococcal disease in the Czech Republic in 1993-2005. The method of multilocus sequence typing (MLST) revealed genetic heterogeneity of serogroup B isolates and homogeneity of serogroup C isolates. Three clonal sequence type complexes (STC-18,(More)
Invasive meningococcal disease continues to be a life-threatening condition and rapid diagnosis is important for the administration of appropriate treatment. This study focused on the use of PCR for the diagnosis of meningococcal aetiology and the dynamics of PCR-based diagnosis over time in various biological samples. Sixty cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and(More)
BACKGROUND Recombinant forms of Neisseria meningitidis human factor H binding protein (fHBP) are undergoing clinical trials in candidate vaccines against invasive meningococcal serogroup B disease. We report an extensive survey and phylogenetic analysis of the diversity of fhbp genes and predicted protein sequences in invasive clinical isolates obtained in(More)
The Neisseria meningitidis FAM20 strain secretes two proteins of unknown function, FrpA and FrpC, which contain typical RTX domains found in cytotoxins from other gram-negative pathogens. To evaluate whether the Frp proteins could be involved in meningococcal virulence, 65 isolates of all serogroups were screened by PCR for the presence of both frp genes.(More)
Cytokine production was determinedin vitro after stimulation with three differentNeisseria meningitidis (NM) strains. Virulent NM B strain isolated from a patient with mild course of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) elicited higher cytokine production than NM B and NM C hypervirulent strains isolated from patients with moderate and fatal course of IMD,(More)
We showed current clinical usefulness of the latex agglutination (LA) test for confirmation of meningococcal etiology on 32 cerebrospinal fluid, 77 serum and 93 urine samples collected during the first week of hospitalization from 19 patients with laboratory confirmed invasive meningococcal disease. The positivity of the LA test in cerebrospinal fluid was(More)