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Effect of chronic treatment with nicotine on DBI and its mRNA in mouse cerebral cortex were examined. Continuous treatment of mice with nicotine significantly increased DBI content and its mRNA expression, which was completely abolished by simultaneous administration of mecamylamine (1 mg/kg, i.p.). These results indicate that chronic functional interaction(More)
We investigated the effects of nitric oxide (NO) on voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels (VDCCs) by examining [45Ca2+]influx into mouse cerebral cortical neurons. S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) induced a dose-dependent increase in [45Ca2+]influx, which was completely abolished by hemoglobin, tetrodotoxin and dibucaine. The NO-induced [45Ca2+influx was(More)
We have attempted to clarify the mechanisms for alcohol (EtOH)-induced elevation of diazepam binding inhibitor (DBI) mRNA and to investigate whether the increase in DBI mRNA is paralleled with that in DBI using EtOH-treated mice and primary cultured neurons. Both the DBI content and the expression of DBI mRNA were elevated in the cerebral cortex of(More)
The molecular mechanisms for the stimulation of inositol 1-phosphate (IP1) formation by vinconate were investigated using preparations of rat brain. Vinconate (10(-8)-10(-3) M) dose-dependently inhibited the binding of [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate ([3H]QNB) to muscarinic acetylcholine receptors and its IC50 value for [3H]QNB binding was 1.7 x 10(-5) M. The(More)
Several lines of evidence indicate that phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-protein kinase B/Akt (PKB/Akt) signal pathway mediate the pain hypersensitivity induced by intradermal injection of capsaicin, and nerve growth factor induced upregulation of vanilloid receptor 1 in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neuron via the activation of PI3K. While, the roles of(More)
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