Jitender Cheema

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Genetic maps are an important component within the plant biologist's toolkit, underpinning crop plant improvement programs. The estimation of plant genetic maps is a conceptually simple yet computationally complex problem, growing ever more so with the development of inexpensive, high-throughput DNA markers. The challenge for bioinformaticians is to develop(More)
The grass species Brachypodium distachyon (hereafter, Brachypodium) has been adopted as a model system for grasses. Here, we describe the development of a genetic linkage map of Brachypodium. The genetic linkage map was developed with an F2 population from a cross between the diploid Brachypodium lines Bd3-1 and Bd21. The map was populated with polymorphic(More)
Colonization of land by plants was a major transition on Earth, but the developmental and genetic innovations required for this transition remain unknown. Physiological studies and the fossil record strongly suggest that the ability of the first land plants to form symbiotic associations with beneficial fungi was one of these critical innovations. In(More)
The emergence of terpene cyclization was critical to the evolutionary expansion of chemical diversity yet remains unexplored. Here we report the first discovery of an epistatic network of residues that controls the onset of terpene cyclization in Artemisia annua. We begin with amorpha-4,11-diene synthase (ADS) and (E)-β-farnesene synthase (BFS), a pair of(More)
Most RNA molecules form internal base pairs, leading to a folded secondary structure. Some of these structures have been demonstrated to be functionally significant. High-throughput RNA structure chemical probing methods generate millions of sequencing reads to provide structural constraints for RNA secondary structure prediction. At present, processed data(More)
The exact positioning of the membrane in transmembrane (TM) proteins plays important functional roles. Yet, the structures of TM proteins in protein data bank (pdb) have no information about the explicit position of the membrane. Using a simple hydrophobic lipid-protein mismatch energy function and a flexible lipid/water boundary, the position of lipid(More)
The estimation of genetic linkage maps is a key component in plant and animal research, providing both an indication of the genetic structure of an organism and a mechanism for identifying candidate genes associated with traits of interest. Because of this importance, several computational solutions to genetic map estimation exist, mostly implemented as(More)
We examined succession of the rhizosphere microbiota of three model plants (Arabidopsis, Medicago and Brachypodium) in compost and sand and three crops (Brassica, Pisum and Triticum) in compost alone. We used serial inoculation of 24 independent replicate microcosms over three plant generations for each plant/soil combination. Stochastic variation between(More)
Epistasis, the interaction between mutations and the genetic background, is a pervasive force in evolution that is difficult to predict yet derives from a simple principle - biological systems are interconnected. Therefore, one effect may be intimately linked to another, hence interdependent. Untangling epistatic interactions between and within genes is a(More)
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